So, I’m starting. At last. I am going back to the beginning of the journey, two years ago. I’m going to tell my story at roughly the same speed that the events actually took place so that readers get a sense of the huge space and time that the story fills.

Actually, it is the second half of an even longer story.  The first half is not yet ready to be told, even though it is the cause of the second half. Suffice to say that the first half was almost as terrible as the second and seemed to last forever. But eventually, we managed to lock it away and only occasionally hear its growl these days. One day, I will release it and exorcise that demon too.

In the meantime, you probably want to know what the second half of the story is all about.

It is a story of strength and frailty, love and anger, kindness and indifference. All aspects of our humanity can be found in this story. It is the tale of an illness, and the failures of the people and the systems that should have made the tale unworthy of telling. And it is a true story. I have tried very hard not to tell it. For a year and a half, I have pursued all the proper channels to give those who should have listened the opportunity to respond appropriately. They chose not to. And so the story has to be told.

It should have read: Patient falls ill. Patient is made better. The End.

But it doesn’t.

The principal character in my story is my wife and soul-mate – the person in the world that I have loved and admired more than any other since the moment I first set eyes on her as an immature youth almost forty years ago. Specifically, the story is about her becoming ill with an irregular heartbeat, cardiac arrhythmia, and the subsequent long, painful and continuing journey to try and make her well again.

Her condition, whilst very dangerous, could and should have been successfully managed relatively quickly – perhaps in a few weeks or months.  Instead, she suffered and continues to suffer dreadfully – not as a result of her illness, but as a direct result of the treatment which she received. I am not suggesting that the medical staff deliberately injured my wife of course, but there were errors, there were omissions and there was a lot of plain bad care. Not enough has been done to put that right which means that it can happen again. As a result, people will probably suffer. People could die.

The story therefore is going to contain much criticism of a number of the medical staff who treated my wife and the institutions within which they worked. I will not name the doctors or other medical staff in my story – at least not for the time being.  This is not because I fear a libel suit – I am telling the truth as accurately as I can so have nothing to fear in that regard – but because they are the product of a broken system. I still hold them substantially responsible for what took place, but they are not entirely to blame. I will ensure that they have the opportunity to read the story and they will of course recognise themselves within it. I hope it changes them for the better.

I am also going to protect my own identity for now but only so that I can also protect my wife. The reason is that she is a dental surgeon in private practice, and despite what happened to her, has recently and very bravely managed to return to work, albeit in a more limited fashion than before the story begins. Her professional life has been disrupted quite enough by these events already and she can do without too many reminders of these awful events anyway.

I will not hide behind the anonymity though. I am contactable through the blog, Facebook page via Twitter or via LinkedIn and I will engage with anyone who wants to contact me to express a view, no matter whether in support of or vehemently opposed to what I am doing.

I will name the institutions however. They will not have the screen of anonymity to hide behind. They have been given ample opportunity to admit their failings and take meaningful steps to ensure that those failings are never repeated and lives are protected but they have done as little as possible at every turn. Indeed, it appears that they have withheld information and they have demonstrably failed to tell the truth. Others have acted dishonestly to conceal their own mistakes. They deserve to be shamed by my tale.

Of necessity, the story contains a lot of medical detail. I am not medically qualified in any way. I work in the construction business and until the story begins, had spent mercifully little time in hospitals. A couple of childbirths as an awe-struck spectator and a burst appendix as a self-pitying participant were just about the limit of my exposure. That said, a dental surgeon’s husband is rarely far from medical talk and what I didn’t already know, I made sure I learned along the way. I read everything I could find to help me understand what was happening to my wife. Nevertheless, my story will almost certainly contain mistakes and misunderstandings of medical detail so I trust you will forgive the errors and inaccuracies. They will be unintentional. Perhaps medically qualified readers will set me straight.

Indeed, I hope that the story will be widely read amongst the medical profession, especially those who work in cardiology, cardiac electrophysiology and emergency room medicine. I would be both surprised and disappointed if the doctors did not learn something valuable from our experiences.

In the meantime, I have created a glossary within the site and if the reader hovers over medical terms in bold (or taps on them on a smartphone) an explanation of that term will appear which should be broadly correct.  Some explanations are also in the longer version of the narrative as some understanding of the jargon is essential to an appreciation of the events described.

The story will include many ‘minor’ complaints and some readers will say, perhaps with some justification, that I am being picky, pedantic or even downright unpleasant by including them. In mitigation, I defend their inclusion by saying that I am trying to paint a picture of the whole experience here and the hundreds of minor lapses in care, communication, compassion and administration compounded to make the major issues even more unbearable and less forgivable. These lesser issues therefore deserve to be included I think.

To those who are presently undergoing treatment for cardiac arrhythmia and related conditions, I apologise for setting out a horror story for you. I trust your experience will be very different and altogether more positive. I hope you understand that my main motive here is to help bring about positive change, not just to castigate the medical profession. I would be very pleased to hear your own experiences, both positive and negative, especially the positive ones. It would be good to know that our experience is not typical of the treatment happening daily around the country and the world.

As for the institutions that we came into contact with – the NHS Trust, the hospitals, the Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman  – to them I offer no apology. Like the individual medical practitioners, I believe they have much to learn from these events. More than that, they need to change, and stop pretending that they are doing so. At the end of the day, that is what this is all about. Change – perhaps to save lives and certainly to ensure a path to justice for those whose treatment falls way below what they are entitled to expect.

Finally, I must also state at the outset that we encountered many utterly wonderful, dedicated and caring people on this journey. All the ambulance paramedics, the vast majority of the nurses and some of the doctors showed such skill and compassion that we will forever be in their debt. I am genuinely sorry if the telling of this tale casts a shadow across their shining light. Our friends too were quite remarkable and we could never have made it this far without their love and support, both practical and emotional. Finally, our work colleagues did our work on top of their own, kept our seats warm for so long and showed remarkable patience and understanding. Thank you all so very much.


Proceed to Introduction


This is not an introduction to the story, but an introduction to its central character. We shall call her Ann. As I have already explained, this is not her real name, but it is short and easy to type a thousand times during this story-telling, so it will do nicely. It is important that you get to know her a little so you understand why this was all so unfair and why she reacts as she does to the events that unfold.

As the story begins, Ann is fifty-seven years old but looks much younger than this. Some say ten years younger. She is naturally blonde, slender and unusually attractive with the most amazing eyes. I have a biased view of course but this is a statement of fact, not just my opinion. Everyone who met Ann would say the same.

Ann is also a very intelligent lady. Not just intellectually, but emotionally too. Above all, she is humble and kind. In fact, she is without doubt the kindest person I have ever met. It is her conspicuous kindness rather than her outward beauty which most attracted me to her all those years ago. I had never encountered anyone who was so obviously a genuinely ‘good person’.

I am a very lucky husband.

Ann was born in Newcastle, to a father who worked in the shipyards and a mother who worked at the telephone exchange. Her father was descended from Irish Catholic immigrants, all shipbuilders, who moved from the Derry shipyards around 1850 during the Irish famine and every generation since had worked in the Tyne shipyards. On her mother’s side, there were many generations of coal miners, from Durham and before that, Lancashire.

Ann spent her early years in a humble ‘Tyneside flat’ with an outside toilet. She was a bright child and her parents pushed her hard educationally. She rewarded their ambition when she became the first member of her family to attend university.

Her parents had wanted Ann to become a doctor, and she could have followed that path but instead, she opted for dentistry. She would actually have preferred to teach dance and drama. She had danced, mainly ballet, from a very early age and she was talented.  Sadly, she was too tall to go to the Royal Ballet as she would have liked and teaching dance to children would have been the perfect alternative. But typically, she decided to make her parents happy rather than follow her passion. She would be a dental surgeon and make them proud.

The apple didn’t fall very far from the tree and she chose to study at Newcastle University, where she met and married me whilst we were still studying. When she qualified in 1982, we relocated to my home county of Yorkshire where she took up a position at a delightful practice in the East Riding, and there we have been ever since. Ann is now treating the babies of the babies she treated when we first arrived in the area.

Two years ago, as the first page of our story is turned, Ann had become a much respected figure in the local community. She was apparently in excellent health and as fit as the proverbial butcher’s dog. She attended the gym around three times a week, saw a personal trainer every week and loved to hike with me in the National Parks on a regular basis. She had never smoked a cigarette in her life, drank only moderately and ate an infuriatingly healthy diet.

Nobody deserved what happened less than Ann did.

Together we have two children who I affectionately refer to as Pugsley and Veruka. Pugsley is an investment analyst in the City of London and Veruka is carving out a very successful career in recruitment in Leeds. They were 31 and 25 years old respectively as the story begins, both long since having fled the nest, and both were in loving, stable relationships. Indeed, Pugsley had married just a few weeks before the start of our tale.

The truly awful happenings in the untold part one of our story had finally been put behind us after five years of terrible stress which had included the loss of both of Ann’s parents. Our son had just got married and I had started a new business in 2010 which was becoming very successful. Ann and I were still every bit as much in love as we had been back at Newcastle University.

It is fair to say that for the first time in quite a while, we were extraordinarily happy. Finally, everything in our lives seemed to be in equilibrium and we were truly content.

Then one day in April 2015, Ann said, “I don’t feel very well”.

And everything went to hell.


Now, if you want to go straight to the Synopsis, the short version of the story that will only take a few minutes to read, click here.  To begin Chapter One of the much longer version, click here.

Synopsis – the Whole Story in Brief

I appreciate that most people will have neither the time nor the interest to read the detailed version of the story.  The synopsis below is provided to afford them the opportunity to see what all the fuss is about. Hopefully, reading this will tempt a few to follow the more detailed account. In the interests of brevity, there is far less explanation of the medical detail in this version and much less of the emotional and personal background. With that in mind, here is the short version:

Our local Emergency Department (ED) where many cardiac patients inevitably start their journey, is located at Hull Royal Infirmary. Hull Royal Infirmary has NO cardiology department. Indeed, they regularly have NO cardiologists physically present on the site, especially out of hours. The cardiology department is located at Castle Hill Hospital, some 5.5 miles and 16 minutes away by the shortest possible route. It is not possible to have a direct admission to Castle Hill, even in a cardiac emergency. You must go to Hull Royal.

Ann, a 57 year old, previously healthy and super-fit dental surgeon, first arrived at the Emergency Department of Hull Royal Infirmary in May 2015 suffering from cardiac arrhythmia which within hours became life-threatening. She was transferred by blue light ambulance to Castle Hill where she underwent various tests (ECG, cardiac MRI and echocardiogram but not a promised angiogram) and the condition was treated with beta blockers.

She was discharged seven days later and told that she could return to her normal routine and that she wouldn’t be back.

However, because the angiogram was not performed (despite a family history of  heart disease – both parents had suffered heart attacks), a stenosed coronary artery was completely missed. Eight days after discharge, Ann was re-admitted with severe ischaemic heart pain. This time, the angiogram was carried out and, later, an angioplasty (a single stent inserted in the Left Anterior Descending Coronary Artery).

An un-retouched photograph of Ann’s right arm some time after discharge

Despite the fact that Ann is a dental surgeon, both procedures were performed via the right radial artery.

She was again discharged and again told that she could return to work and that this time, she really wouldn’t be back.

However, Ann had sustained extensive vascular and nerve damage to her right arm as a direct result of the procedures and was not able to return to work. Despite intensive physiotherapy, she was still unable to fully use the arm when she was re-admitted yet again two months later. The damage to her arm was temporary however and would prove to be the least of her worries.

For several weeks, the arrhythmia seemed to improve but in August 2015, Ann was rushed by ambulance to the ED at Hull Royal Infirmary once again.  It took four hours for her to even see a doctor.  Any doctor. She was not at any time attached to a heart monitor.  The cardiologists at Castle Hill refused to come and see her. The ED staff established that she hadn’t had a heart attack and immediately lost interest. We were treated like time-wasters. She was discharged the next day – by a gastroenterologist because there were still no cardiologists present on site – despite her continued protestations (and mine) that her heart was unstable. We had no choice but to go home.

Just a few hours later, she had a cardiac arrest.

She just said, “My heart’s going crazy!” then collapsed. Her pupils were fixed and dilated, her tongue lolled out, her lips went blue. No breathing. No heartbeat. Nothing.  She had gone.

But she didn’t die – or at least she didn’t stay dead. Terrified, crying my eyes out, screaming for her not to leave me, I remembered enough about what she had taught me of CPR to bring her back.

She was rushed straight back to the ED and into resus and later, from there once again to the Cardiac Monitoring Unit at Castle Hill. At Castle Hill, they undertook EP studies with a view to ablation but could not find the aberrant signals that were causing the arrhythmia. so, the decision was taken to implant a two-lead ICD (Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator) as the prescribed drugs were clearly not yet controlling the arrhythmia.

Left, the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implanted in Ann’s chest. Right, an x-ray showing the typical two-lead set up. The leads to the atria and ventricles of the heart can clearly be seen.

The procedure was carried out on August 27th and the device was implanted sub-pectorally (behind the pectoral muscle, rather than in the more usual subcutaneous position). Despite the fact that the cardiologists had prescribed multiple blood-thinning drugs – Clopidogrel, daily abdominal Fragmin injections and soluble Aspirin – to protect the stent (and as a result there was a very high risk of post-operative bleeding) these were not withdrawn prior to the procedure in accordance with normal good practice and no pressure dressing was used following surgery, even though this had been discussed beforehand.  Furthermore, the staff completely failed to inspect the wound site despite Ann’s repeated concerns that all was not as it should be. As a result, Ann developed a massive haematoma extending from her left elbow and across her chest towards her right shoulder.  She was left in agony.

It took 48 hours for the medical and nursing staff to even examine the wound or notice the haematoma even though Ann had told them about the extreme pain it caused and only then, because Ann point blank refused to be discharged until she had been examined by a consultant. When that consultant examination finally took place, they belatedly realised that Ann was correct, the “massive haematoma” (their description, not mine) was finally seen and she was immediately put on emergency IV antibiotics and IV pain killers.

If it had not been for Ann’s refusal to leave, the consequences could have been catastrophic. She had to spend an additional three days on the unit until the danger of infection had receded.  The pain did not recede however and lasted for weeks.

The hospitality’s discharge letter to our GP stated that Ann had been admitted with dizziness, which was nonsense of course. It failed to mention the cardiac arrest altogether.

Four days after this discharge (5th September) the implanted defibrillator shocked Ann after she went into ventricular tachycardia.  Being shocked by a defibrillator when you are conscious and fully aware of what is happening is a terrifying experience. It is not possible to call an ambulance to be taken to Castle Hill (the only route in is via the ED in Hull where there are no cardiologists and they had come close to causing her death just 3 weeks before) so I drove Ann to the cardiology department – and a very scary drive it was too. She was immediately re-admitted.  The ICD shocked her again the next morning and it took a several days to get her stable.  She was discharged 9 days later on the 14th September after a long-overdue change of anti-arrhythmia drugs.

Five days after that, she was back in an ambulance to resus at Hull Royal suffering from severe arrhythmia once again.  She was transferred to Ward 28 at Castle Hill the following day and there it was discovered – completely unconnected to the arrhythmia she was experiencing – that the ICD Implant surgery had failed.  All Ann’s pain and suffering was for nothing.  Her ventricular lead was detached from the heart wall and the surgery would have to be repeated.

The repeat surgery was carried out on September 24th by a different electrophysiologist.  It was supposed to be a 45 minute procedure.  It took over two hours and Ann spent a further 1 hour and 40 minutes in recovery. She believes that she was fighting for her life as her blood pressure fell through the floor.  The electrophysiologist had been unable to find the device despite having x-rays to locate it and so had, by his own admission, he had to “dissect and dissect and dissect” the pectoral muscles. We have since established that considerable damage was caused.

Ann was discharged two days later in unrelenting agony.

She was still in agony 18 months later.

Ann had by now spent 57 nights in hospital and had become less well with every admission.

Nothing was done during this last stay in Castle Hill to address the underlying arrhythmia that was the original cause of the admission.  The doctors had been so focused on fixing their failed surgery that they had apparently entirely overlooked the underlying condition which had put her in the ambulance in the first place.

It was no surprise then that within 48 hours, Ann was again experiencing severe arrhythmia. Because most telephone lines at Castle Hill Cardiology are simply never answered, the only way to obtain treatment (apart from calling an ambulance to take Ann to the wrong hospital) was to turn up at the Castle Hill cardiac out-patient clinic without an appointment.  By doing so at intervals through October, we were able to bring about adjustments to Ann’s drug therapy and, by degrees, there were some small improvements in the arrhythmia.

The post-operative pain continued however, in fact it got worse. When I took Ann shopping, I had to push her around the supermarket in a wheelchair. She was unable to walk more than a few yards.

On October 29th, Ann had a sustained bleed from a routine blood test puncture.  After the local GP surgery was unable to stop the bleeding after several attempts, he sent Ann to Castle Hill with a referral letter – because the bleed was caused by the blood-thinning medications prescribed by the cardiologists and any treatment might have affect on the stent.  Castle Hill Cardiology (in fact the consultant electrophysiologist responsible for the first implant procedure) refused to treat her and sent her away, telling her that she should never return without an appointment. No further appointments were ever issued. It seemed that the department was apparently trying to wash its hands of a difficult patient. They didn’t arrange an ambulance transfer. They just told her, still bleeding, to leave.

Whilst at Castle Hill that day, Ann was also told by the same consultant that that the pain (which started the moment Ann came round from the anaesthetic and has been continuous for most of the time since) was “nothing to do with the ICD implant”.  Ann didn’t believe that and we’re certain that the doctor didn’t believe it either.

The bleed was eventually stopped in Majors at the Hull Royal Infirmary Emergency Department, some 11½ hours after it had begun.

By November 2015, Ann should have been back at work but the pain in her chest remained so severe that she could barely manage to walk unaided from the living room to the kitchen. She could not climb the stairs alone. She spent most of her time in bed and the rest prone on the sofa. She couldn’t stand for more than a couple of minutes. Her life was effectively in ruins. I had to stay off work much of the time to remain with her as her carer. Her professional life was, for the time being at least, destroyed and mine was rapidly heading in the same direction. She was taking both paracetamol and codeine at maximum dosage with morphine on top when the pain was at its worst, which was much of the time.

To see just how awful Ann’s plight had become, brace yourself and watch the short video clip below. Filmed in November 2015, over two months after the second procedure, it provides a glimpse of what Ann had to endure, twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week for months and months on end.


As her condition was intolerable and she had effectively been abandoned by the Castle Hill team, I decided to submit a formal complaint on Ann’s behalf to the Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust. The very detailed complaint, and a Freedom of Information Request for her full hospital medical records were submitted at the end of November 2015.

Meanwhile, our GP remained extremely supportive and helpful. In December, she referred Ann to a specialist pain management consultant back at Castle Hill. He confirmed that Ann was suffering from chronic post-surgical neuropathic pain and prescribed anti-neuropathic pain medication. It didn’t work very well then and he is still adjusting the medication in an attempt to eliminate the pain. There are very few options left.

At Ann’s request, our GP also referred Ann to the cardiology department at the Freeman Hospital in her home city, Newcastle, for a second opinion.  The Freeman is a renowned centre of excellence in cardiology. Ann also had family in Newcastle so there would be some support available locally. Consultations at the Freeman in January and February 2016 decided that further surgery would be the best course of action – to relocate the ICD away from the damaged muscles and nerves and re-implant subcutaneously.  So, Ann would now endure a third implant procedure. The corrective surgery was scheduled for March 2016.

January also saw the first response from the Trust, six weeks after the complaint was submitted, when we were invited to attend a ‘resolution meeting’. The meeting took place in early February. Ann was not physically or emotionally strong enough to attend so I represented her.

Of five clinicians that were due to attend (three from cardiology and two from the ED) only one bothered to turn up. I read an emotional statement prepared by Ann and showed videos of her literally screaming in agony months after her surgery.  To be honest, I was nervous and ill-prepared and with most of the key people missing, we didn’t achieve very much. The minutes of the meeting the Trust later provided were a travesty, wildly mis-recording almost every point discussed.

Also in February, we were given sight of a letter from the Castle Hill electrophysiologist who carried out the second implant procedure to the Freeman cardiology team, written following the resolution meeting to provide some background on Ann’s case. It stated that Ann was on a beta blocker that she wasn’t actually taking and it described events in her medical history in the wrong order and with completely the wrong dates.

Such was the appalling standard of administration at Castle Hill Cardiology that the Freeman never received the letter anyway.

In early March, a second resolution meeting was held with the ED team. They initially tried to assert that Ann’s cardiac arrest had been nothing more than a faint but they admitted to mistakes made in the ED in August 2015 (notably the complete absence of any cardiac monitoring) and even that she had been treated based on someone else’s blood results at one point. Nonetheless, there was no acceptance that the discharge before the cardiac arrest was inappropriate.

The resolution meetings had dealt, very badly, with perhaps 10% of the substance within our complaint. A promised ‘point-by-point’ response to the rest of the complaint was never received.  Given the Trust’s lamentable response, I made the decision to refer the matter to the Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman.  However, this cannot take place until six months after the initial complaint unless a ‘final decision letter’ had been received from the Trust. So I requested one. By the time I received the letter, the six months was up anyway.

Later in March, we traveled to Newcastle for the corrective surgery but shortly after admission, Ann began to show the signs of a nasty flu virus and so the operation was cancelled. The procedure finally took place in early May. Within three days, Ann was up and about and had already relinquished the post-operative morphine. A matter of weeks later, Ann was able to return to work after a 15 month absence. The contrast with the outcomes at Castle Hill could not possibly have been greater.

The photographs above tell a story. Top left, Ann is still substantially bed-bound three months after the second procedure at Castle Hill, long after she should have resumed a normal life. Top right, just two months after the corrective surgery at the Freeman, Ann is transformed and is able to hold our new-born grandchild whereas after the Castle Hill surgery, she couldn’t even use a knife and fork. Bottom left, is the ICD implant site following the second procedure at Castle Hill, taken in April 2016. This is a sub-pectoral implant, so behind the muscles. The ICD should not be visible. The photograph bottom right was taken just over a month later and is the implant site after the corrective surgery in Newcastle. This is a shallow sub-cutaneous implant. So, the generator should be more visible in this second shot. Draw your own conclusions.


When Ann returned to work, it seemed that the nightmare was at an end.  Sadly, that did not prove to be the case. Eventually, the chronic pain would return.

In August 2016, we received confirmation that the Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman would investigate our complaint, which had been referred to them in May, exactly six months after the original complaint was submitted to the Trust. It was not until November that the investigation actually began.

The PHSO wanted to reduce the many issues down to three of the most important and so we agreed that the following would be selected:

  • The treatment (or lack of appropriate treatment) in the ED in August 2015 that led to Ann’s cardiac arrest.
  • The failure at Castle Hill to prevent, discover and treat the massive haematoma that followed the first implant procedure.
  • The conduct of the second procedure that left Ann in debilitating, chronic pain (which by now was returning with a vengeance).

The case file was passed to the medical experts for review in December 2016 and in January 2017 we received the draft report. The contents of this are confidential (whereas the final version we are free to publish) but as the two documents are in fact identical, I am able to say that in the draft report, the Ombudsman found in our favour on the first two issues, recommending that the Trust issued an apology, paid a token amount of compensation to us both and instigated an action plan to ensure that the errors were not repeated.

On the third, they concluded that, as the procedure had only taken 40 minutes, the Ombudsman supported the Trust’s assertions that the procedure had been routine and  that it had been carried out appropriately.

I knew for certain that this duration was wrong.  I had been there at the time and I knew that Ann had been in the ‘Lab’ (the electrophysiology operating theatre) for 3 hours and 40 minutes so this 40 minutes figure was quite ridiculous. I had also read the roughly 300 pages of medical notes and had found nothing to confirm the exact duration of the second procedure. So I challenged the finding on the third issue and asked the Ombudsman to provide me with a copy of the evidence on which they had relied.

In January 2017, the Ombudsman supplied me with a copy of the evidence in question, along with the ‘final’ report. So, I could now see what they had relied upon but because they simultaneously issued the final report, I was denied the opportunity to comment on the evidence and have the report adjusted.

That didn’t stop me trying.

The evidence in question turned out to be the contemporaneous notes made in the Lab during the second procedure.  These were completely new to us and had been missing from the set of notes provided under the freedom of information request.  Out of hundreds of pages of notes, the only pages apparently missing were the ones that were the most fundamental to our complaint. We can only conclude that these pages were deliberately withheld.  The odds of such a vital omission being accidental are just too long to be credible.

On studying the notes, it was possible to see that the Ombudsman’s medical expert had made a terrible mistake. At first glance, they appeared to support his conclusion. Ann’s arrival in the Lab that day the previous September is recorded at 10.20.  Her departure time is strangely not noted. Further down the page, further notes begin “11.00”.  The medical expert saw this and drew the sloppy conclusion that the entire procedure took from 10.20 to 11.00 – so just 40 minutes.

Had he read further, he would have drawn a very different conclusion. First of all, the passage that began “11.00” actually reads “11.00 – patient anaesthetised”.  The 40 minutes had been the preparation for the procedure, not the procedure itself. Had he turned the page, he would have seen that the drugs administered when the patient comes round from the anaesthetic were administered at 13.05. So, the procedure actually took 2 hours and 5 minutes.

Throughout the complaints procedure, the Trust had maintained that the procedure took less than an hour and was routine.  Here, we finally had proof positive that they were not telling the truth.

I contacted the Ombudsman and explained their error and asked that the report was re-issued with a suitable correction and quite possibly a very different conclusion.  I was told that it was too late.  The final report was indeed final. The only path now open was to lodge a formal appeal.

Needless to say, a detailed appeal, with the error fully explained and the relevant notes attached was immediately lodged. In March 2017, I received an email to say that the appeal ‘did not meet the review criteria’.  The Ombudsman would not admit its mistake and was instead brushing the matter firmly under the carpet.

I was disgusted and extremely shocked.  These people were supposed to be there to prevent this sort of thing, not join in with it.

In April 2017, in a final attempt to elicit an appropriate response, I contacted the Chief Executive of the Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust, Mr Chris Long and made a request for a one-to-one meeting so I could explain to him in a polite conversation what is really happening in the organisation he leads and what I believe to be the very real risks to the lives of the Trust’s cardiac arrhythmia patients arising from their approach to treatment both at Castle Hill and the Hull Royal ED..

Mr Long replied on 22nd May and declined my request.

I had reached the end of the road.

A year and a half of effort to get some justice for Ann and some improvement in the Trust’s practices in order to protect and possibly save the lives of future patients had all come to nothing.

So, as they had declined to hear the full story privately, I decided to take the matter into the public domain which is why you can now read this story. It shouldn’t have been necessary to write it at all but I simply ran out of alternatives.

I encourage you to read the longer version of the story. This synopsis is by its very nature superficial. If nothing else, please take a look at Chapter Fifteen which tells how Ann has fared since the corrective surgery in Newcastle in May 2016.

Thank you for reading. Please share the story on social media if you can. More cases like Ann’s will only be prevented if the Trust is forced to learn from its errors.





Chapter One – Palpitations!

The wedding day had been on March 20th.  It was one of the happiest days of our lives. The weather had been unseasonably glorious and Ann had looked utterly stunning in her excruciatingly expensive Mother-of-the-Groom outfit. Every second had gone to plan and the whole day was flawless. Ann had whirled around the dance floor until the early hours (as she always did) and looked the picture of a healthy, happy, elegant and still very beautiful woman having the time of her life.

For my part, I just couldn’t stop smiling. It was as if the grin would be permanently fixed on my face, it had been there so long. Ann had recently completed a fiendishly complicated porcelain veneer job across eight of my front teeth and was convinced that this was the reason for my fixed grin. The truth is that I was just bursting with pride and overjoyed to see my family so happy. We both were.

It was only around a week later that Ann noticed the first ‘palpitations’. They were nothing significant initially. In fact, she didn’t even bother to tell me until it had happened a number of times. I had been working in the United States part of that month and so had been blissfully unaware of what was happening.

Over the next six weeks, she suffered the episodes with increasing frequency and severity and on two occasions, she briefly lost consciousness (which she kept from me until later). The rest of the time, she felt absolutely fine and she suspected that she was suffering the effects of an unusual viral infection and so continued her normal routine and fitness regime as usual.

On Wednesday 13th May, she attended an appointment at our local GP surgery. I don’t recall this being arranged in advance, I believe she made an urgent request to be seen after a particularly powerful episode of palpitations.

I came home from work that night to find Ann crying on the sofa. She told me about her visit to the GP: She had been instructed to stop work with immediate effect and that she would be receiving an urgent appointment at the cardiology department at Castle Hill Hospital.

It is worth taking a short break from the narrative here to explain the unusual (and in my view highly unsatisfactory) set up for cardiology services in our part of East Yorkshire. The services are provided by the Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust. Cardiology services are provided at the Castle Hill Hospital in Cottingham in a modern, relatively new unit, purpose-built in 2009 at a cost of around £48m. These include Interventional Cardiology (catheter-based treatment of structural heart disease such as fitting stents to open up the coronary arteries to prevent or after a heart attack); Cardiothoracic Surgery (including bypass surgery, valve replacement and so on) and Cardiac Electrophysiology (the diagnosis, treatment and management of electrical abnormalities of the heart – much more of which later).

The Emergency Department (ED) or Casualty Department, where many cardiac patients inevitably start their journey, is located at Hull Royal Infirmary – some 5.5 miles and 16 minutes away by the shortest possible route from Castle Hill. Hull Royal Infirmary has NO cardiology department. Indeed, they regularly have NO cardiologists physically present on the site.

So, if you arrive as a cardiac emergency by ambulance at Hull Royal, the chances are that you will not have expert cardiology doctors there to help save your life. There are many highly trained emergency care doctors of course, but if cardiologists weren’t better at cardiology, there wouldn’t be any, would there? Of course, we didn’t learn this until much later. At the time, we assumed that such expertise was available on site 24 hours a day.

Enough for now.  Back to the story.

We were both stunned. An urgent referral to Cardiology?! How could someone who had looked after themselves so well and who was so conspicuously healthy need a cardiology referral? Ann was devastated. I was scared. It just felt utterly surreal. How long would the appointment take to come through? What might they find? Would it affect Ann’s work long term? Was her life actually in danger? Would she need surgery? The questions poured out of the ether like a waterfall for both of us.

The next day, Thursday, things went from bad to worse. Ann had eight further episodes of what felt like a very rapid heartbeat accompanied by mild chest pain. These increased in severity over the course of the day and by evening, were becoming scary. By bedtime, we decided that we couldn’t wait for an appointment so I drove Ann to the Emergency Department at Hull Royal Infirmary. It didn’t even occur to us to call an ambulance.  At this stage, we still didn’t understand the seriousness of her condition.

We arrived there at 11.30pm. The car parks, usually full to bursting, were all but empty at that time of night and so we were able to park right in front of the building. By the time we got there, the episode seemed to have passed and Ann asked to be taken back home. “I feel fine now”, she said. “I don’t want to make a fuss, let’s just go home”.  “To hell with that” I replied. “We’ve come this far. You’re getting checked out!” Eventually, she followed me from the car.

I don’t want to be too disparaging about Hull or this hospital but the truth is that Hull Royal Infirmary is about as depressing as any hospitals gets.  It is a 13-storey tower hospital built in the 1960s when my fellow architects were deluded enough to believe that concrete brutalism was cool.  Hull Royal is one of their more spectacular crimes against humanity. It should have been razed to the ground years ago. At 11.30 on a Thursday night, its limited charm is not improved by the collapsed drunks or the seriously ill patients who have struggled outside for another elicit cigarette. It feels more like war-torn Syria than East Yorkshire.

Nevertheless, in we went and having pressed the appropriate buttons on the robotic check-in machine, we were seen very quickly. Evidently, the chest pain button had resulted in an immediate escalation. So far so good.

After Ann’s details had been taken, she was immediately dispatched for a 10-second, 12-lead ECG and I was allowed to stay with her. The nurse who attached Ann to the machine made no attempt to hide her boredom.  I suspect she took one look at Ann who outwardly seemed like a picture of health and concluded that this was a complete waste of her time. Having completed her wiring, she stood with her back to us during the test and worked hard on her chewing gum. Then the machine ejected its printout and the nurse tore it off and took a glance.

Her eyebrows shot up. “Bloodyhell!” she exclaimed, and she ran from the room.

We came to appreciate much later that Ann had been extremely lucky in that 10 seconds. Her condition is very hard to detect most of the time. It is by its nature very episodic – there one minute, gone the next. Mostly gone. Had her heart rhythm been as normal during that ten seconds as it was most of the time, the chances are that we would have been sent home (and she could have died as a result).

But we weren’t sent home.  Clearly, the ECG was far from normal and Ann was moved immediately to the brand new ‘Majors’ unit. Opened only a few weeks earlier and a stark contrast to the other areas of the hospital, the state of the art 42-bay major trauma and resus unit is as modern and well-equipped as any in the country. There, we were met by an extremely pleasant doctor (a senior registrar I would guess – I’m afraid I don’t remember his name and so don’t need to change it but we will call him Dr A anyway) who wasted no time in placing Ann in a cardiac monitoring bay and attaching her to a 12-lead heart monitor and pulse oximeter.

It is hard to describe our feelings. In the months that followed, we would grow used to the never-ending little wavy lines drawing themselves across the monitor screens. The constant beeps and alarms would become part of our daily sound landscape, as normal to us as birdsong and distant car horns, even though those alarms might be announcing that a life might be about to end. They would become part of life’s background and could be more easily ignored.

That night though, they were the centre of our world. It was as if we had awoken in an unfamiliar foreign country, and we could not speak a word of the language. The beeps and alarms seemed as loud as a thunderstorm and it was impossible not to watch the monitors, even though we did not fully understand what they were telling us.

Dr A explained that the ECG had shown marked cardiac arrhythmia – an irregular heartbeat – and even with our limited understanding, it was obvious from the monitor screens that this was still the case.  Even to my untrained eye, it was clear that the distance between Ann’s heartbeats was not consistent and her heart rate fluctuated wildly, even though she wasn’t moving at all.

Once Ann’s history and blood samples had been taken and Dr A had heard about Ann’s positive lifestyle, he said that he had a ‘gut feeling’ that there was something more significant going on. He said he expected the continuous monitoring would reveal more in due course.  He positioned his seat at the island staff station directly opposite our cubicle such that he could see Ann’s monitor at all times. And there he sat whenever he wasn’t directly involved in dealing with other patients, one eye on the wavy lines and heart rate number. And I sat beside the bed, holding Ann’s hand and also stared at the screens.

At 4.00am, when Ann was snoozing intermittently and seemed a little more stable, he came over. He put a kind hand on my shoulder and gently urged me to go home. He said that my being there wasn’t going to change anything and I should go and grab some rest whilst I could. He promised that he would stay at his station all night and keep a very close eye on her. When Ann agreed that I should go, I reluctantly headed back to the car.

At that time of the morning, the city is at its quietest. Even the clubbers had made their way home by now and the dawn chorus was yet to begin. The car park was utterly silent. I had never felt so alone and so scared for her. I couldn’t bear to leave her but I drove myself home and went to bed where I very quickly fell into an exhausted sleep.

Two hours later, as I slept, and Dr A continued his vigil, his earlier prediction came to pass.

Between 6.00 and 6.30am, Ann went into sustained ventricular tachycardia. For no apparent reason, her heartbeat shot up to 240 beats per minute – and stayed there. Her heart was beating so fast that it didn’t have time to refill with blood before the next beat. Not enough blood was therefore being pumped around her body and not enough oxygen was reaching her vital organs. If her heart continued to beat that fast for too long, she could die.

Unfortunately, just when the tale is becoming a little more dramatic, it is necessary to interrupt it again to provide a basic understanding of cardiac arrhythmias and to do that, we must first do a little refresher on cardiac anatomy. It is very hard to know quite where to pitch these medical interludes – they are likely to be annoying or even patronising to some readers with medical knowledge but I hope that they are helpful to at least some of the others, many of whom may not have seen a diagram of a heart since they were studying for GCSE’s (or O Levels if you’re as old as I am). At this early point in the story, I knew almost none of this medical detail. I learned it over the months that followed the events we’re now looking at.

So, starting with the basics, the heart is divided into 4 chambers – two at the top (called the atria – the plural for atrium) and two at the bottom (called the ventricles, which are a bit bigger). A single heartbeat begins with the contraction of the atria, quickly followed by the contraction of the ventricles. This gives the heartbeat its characteristic ‘ba-bam’ sound and makes the heart a very efficient pump.  The ‘ba’ is the atria contracting, the ‘bam’ is the ventricles following suit.

Arrhythmias (basically bad heart rhythms) are caused by electrical anomalies and tend to affect either the atria, or the ventricles. Basically, electrical signals are arriving in the heart that shouldn’t be there. I won’t get into all the different types and sub-types but the following arrhythmias turn up in our story so we should have a basic understanding of the differences between them.  Eventually, we’ll need to look at what causes them and how they are fixed but for now, we’ll stick to the basic differences. The names and abbreviations vary slightly around the world so I am using the common UK terms and acronyms:

Atrial Fibrillation (AF): Fibrillation means twitching, of a muscle in this case. So, atrial fibrillation is twitching of the muscles of the atria resulting in a rapid and irregular beating of the heart. AF is the most common arrhythmia. It is often associated with high blood pressure or heart valve disease and most cases of AF are secondary to some other medical problems.

Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT): Tachycardia means an unusually fast heart rate, usually well over 100 beats a minute.  Supra means above.  So, supraventricular means above the ventricles. This is a very fast heartbeat originating above the ventricles. Technically therefore, AF (above) is one of four main types of SVT. Unlike VT below, SVT is not usually life-threatening.

Ventricular Tachycardia (VT): This is what was happening to Ann. VT is an unusually fast heart rate (VT is usually above 120 beats per minute and can be as high as 300 beats a minute) originating in the ventricles (towards the bottom of the heart) and it can be very dangerous. Non-sustained VT lasts up to 30 seconds. If it lasts longer than that, it is described as sustained VT. It can often lead directly to cardiac arrest, or to ventricular fibrillation (below) and from there to cardiac arrest.  VT and SVT can be difficult to distinguish.

Ventricular Fibrillation (VF): As with AF, VF is twitching or quivering of the heart muscles but this time in the ventricles. It is caused by chaotic electrical impulses in the lower chambers. Here, it is many times more dangerous than AF and, without intervention, can be quickly followed by cardiac arrest and death.  Regular watchers of TV hospital dramas such as ‘Casualty’ will have heard many times the line “Quick, he’s in VF!”. The line is always followed by the rapid deployment of a defibrillator – so called of course because it is designed to stop fibrillation.

OK, nearly done with the medical stuff for now.  There are a few more terms which we should probably get familiar with first however. The first is sinus rhythm. In simple terms, this is the heart’s normal rhythm, which basically means that everything is happening in the right order. We might get to what those things are and in what order later but that is sufficient for now. The ‘Casualty’ watchers will have heard “It’s OK, he’s back in sinus” many times.

Next, cardioversion. Cardioversion is a medical procedure by which an arrhythmia is returned to normal sinus rhythm. It can be chemical cardioversion, the use of a drug, or electrical cardioversion, the use of a defibrillator. Sometimes, patients will cardiovert themselves back to sinus without intervention.

Finally, defibrillation is electrical cardioversion using a defibrillator to deliver an electric shock to the heart. Many think this is to restart the heart. I believe it is often more accurate to say that a defibrillator usually stops the heart, which is beating too fast or is quivering, and so allows it to restart in normal sinus rhythm. The correct description is that a defibrillator ‘depolarises’ the heart.

OK, cardiology lesson one over.  It’s time to get back to Ann. It is 6.30am, I am fast asleep back at home and Ann is alone, terrified and is in sustained VT and in danger of going into VF.

We were told later that Ann was in sustained VT at around 240 beats per minute for about 35 minutes. As far as we know, the nearest cardiologist was at Castle Hill, 6 miles away on the other end of a telephone line. What we know is that Dr A and the Hull Royal team was getting extremely concerned about whether Ann would be able to survive this episode and they had put in a cannula in readiness for a chemical cardioversion. After 35 minutes, just before they were about to intervene, she cardioverted back to sinus rhythm by herself.

The moment this happened, the ER staff arranged an ambulance transfer to Castle Hill Cardiology unit, where she could receive the expert care she so desperately needed. Ann had her first ‘blues and twos’ ambulance journey.  It would not be her last.

It is of course impossible to say whether her treatment would have been any different if cardiologists had been on hand to advise on her treatment during her emergency. Suffice to say that when these episodes were repeated in Cardiology at Castle Hill, they intervened much more quickly. Nevertheless, Dr A did an amazing job for Ann that night and morning.  I hope he reads this and in case he does I want to say an enormous thank you to you Sir. You are one of the heroes in this story.  Your hunch was on the money. Your vigilance was justified. You did everything right. We are in your debt.


Continue to Chapter Two

Chapter Two – First Admission

I awoke later that same Friday morning to the sound of the telephone. As I came round and remembered the night before, my own heart started racing. It was all but certain to be the hospital and God only knew what news they were going to give me.

On the line was a senior nurse calling from the Cardiac Monitoring Unit at Castle Hill. Ann, she told me, had had some further problems after I left Hull Royal and had been transferred to the CMU at Castle Hill in the last hour or so. Visiting hours in the CMU were pretty informal I was told so I was welcome to come in and see her and that she was asking for me and would need some basics like pyjamas, toiletries and so on. In the meantime, she was comfortable, stable and in safe hands.

When I turned my mobile on, I was encouraged to see that I already had a text message from Ann telling me not to forget her glasses. I then grabbed a quick shower and called the children to let them know their Mum had been admitted and promised to keep them posted. I packed a bag with what I thought Ann would need and then jumped in the car and set off for the drive to Cottingham.

Little did I realise that this was to be the first of over one hundred such journeys.

The route from our home to Castle Hill is very picturesque and passes through some very pretty countryside. In May, with the season passing from Spring to Summer, it is particularly lovely. But I barely noticed it. Ann was on the Cardiac Monitoring Unit. My wife was in a cardiology hospital and not just on a ward, but on the monitoring unit!  That was a bit like intensive care. I just couldn’t get my head around it.

I remembered visiting my business partner in one such place years before. He was fifty-three. He was super-fit too. County standard squash player, captain of the golf club. I remember his embarrassment when I arrived.  “This is ridiculous isn’t it?” he said as I walked in. “Sure is”, I replied.

A few weeks later, we were at his funeral.

Would I be at Ann’s funeral in a few weeks? We were supposed to grow old together. Was that not going to happen? You don’t see the pretty landscape when these thoughts are hurtling around your head.

The wards in the Castle Hill Cardiology department are upstairs.  Wards 26 and 27 are for cardiothoracic surgery and they have the Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (CICU) where high dependency patients go before or after major open heart or bypass surgery. Ward 28 is for interventional cardiology (heart attacks, stent placement etc) and cardiac electrophysiology (arrhythmia patients and implants). At the end of Ward 28 is the Cardiac Monitoring Unit (CMU) containing the most poorly people needing intensive interventional or electrophysiology care.  Downstairs are the out-patient consulting rooms, operating theatres, the electrophysiology lab (the Lab – more of that later, much more) and, by the entrance, a small and pleasant café.

I had never been in the building before and I recall being surprised how nice it was. Ward 28 and CMU were both divided into four-bed bays with a shared bathroom and single en-suite rooms, the latter usually for the more poorly or longer stay patients. The CMU was just the same as Ward 28, with its own central nurse’s station full of screens replicating the monitors attached to all the patients. The only difference I could see with CMU, was that there were more staff per patient such that they were checked more regularly and monitored more closely.

The sound of the monitor alarms was all but continuous. After a while, you learn what they mean and can distinguish between the less important ones and the ones that tell you that a life is in the balance. When you leave CMU, the world outside seems unnaturally quiet and peaceful. For the first-time visitor, all the unfamiliar noises are very scary.

Ann was in a four-bed bay in CMU.  She had that same look on her face that said “What the hell am I doing here?” That aside, she looked much better than I had imagined and I felt enormous relief.

However, when she told me what had happened after I had left the ED, I was scared all over again. She could so easily have died right there whilst I was sleeping peacefully back at home. I really struggled to reconcile what she was telling me with the super-healthy woman I knew.

Apparently, the staff had cheered and applauded when Ann had arrived at Castle Hill. Ann had no idea why. They explained that she had self-cardioverted from the longest sustained episode of rapid ventricular tachycardia they had ever seen. In their experience, no-one before had ever managed to revert to sinus rhythm without intervention after such a long time in VT. Usually, without defibrillation, the patient would have gone into VF and died after no more than ten minutes.  I have done a little reading on this and have found a few examples of sustained VT episodes at similar heart rates of up to an hour but in all cases, the patients had to be electrically cardioverted. Some patients have had much longer runs but only at a much slower heart rate. I couldn’t find any examples of self-cardioversion after such a sustained run at almost 250 beats per minute. What happened to Ann was extremely unusual.

I have no idea why the ED doctors didn’t intervene sooner. I can only assume that her oxygen saturation levels remained high enough despite the fact that very little blood was being pumped around her body and so she remained conscious throughout. Had Ann not been so incredibly fit and healthy, she would have needed the defib or chemical cardioversion to save her life.

I simply couldn’t believe what I was hearing.

Later that day, she was given an echocardiogram and had a further ECG. We were told that a cardiac MRI and an angiogram would follow, probably after the weekend. The reason for the delay was that the staff who carry out these important diagnostic tests usually don’t work at weekends. When people say “Don’t get sick on a Friday!” they have good reason.

Time for another quick interlude to demystify all these tests.  Everyone has heard of the ECG, the electrocardiogram. This shows the electrical activity of the heart just like the monitors to which Ann was attached but in much greater detail. Lots of sticky electrodes are attached to the skin and the machine can read the electrical activity and prints it out as a load of wiggly lines on paper. An echocardiogram (or echo) is an ultrasound scan of the heart, similar to the routine scans of a foetus in the womb which shows the chambers of the heart and gives an indication of blood flow.  A stress echocardiogram (or stress echo) is the same thing but carried out during or immediately after strenuous exercise (on a treadmill or bike) and so is carried out to see if the heart is badly affected by physical activity. A cardiac MRI (cardiac magnetic resonance imaging) uses a powerful magnetic field and radio waves to produce detailed sectional pictures of the structures within the heart.  An angiogram is a special x-ray of the heart and surrounding blood vessels taken whilst a special dye (a radio-opaque contrast agent) is injected into the veins. Any narrowing of the blood vessels, notably the coronary arteries, shows up clearly. End of interlude.

The rest of that day, Ann’s heart rate was irregular and fluctuated between 50 and 110 beats per minute (bpm) at rest but didn’t go completely crazy again. Her heart rate was still going twice as fast for no apparent reason, but it wasn’t a cause for major concern.

The next day, Saturday 16th May, it was.

During the morning, Ann had three further major arrhythmia episodes. One of them was so severe that she had to be chemically cardioverted for the first time to slow a heart rate of 270 bpm. It was a terrifying experience and it meant that her condition remained very dangerous.

Overnight, a gentlemen on the unit had died in similar circumstances.  Of necessity, the bed was soon occupied again and its new resident had two artificial heart valves, chest and upper respiratory tract infections and could only walk 25 yards when he was well.  He was told he would be moving off CMU as this area was reserved for people who were very poorly.

It brought home to Ann and me that she really was extremely unwell.

Because of the dangerous nature of Ann’s arrhythmia, she was started on beta blockers – specifically Bisoprolol 2.5mg b.d. (b.d. means twice a day). The Bisoprolol initially seemed to do its job as Ann remained relatively stable for the next few days and on Tuesday 19th May, she was moved from CMU to Ward 28. The cardiac MRI was finally carried out during the morning and the results were promised in 24 hrs.  She was informed that the next investigation would be an EP study.  The planned angiogram had evidently been abandoned or forgotten.

On the Thursday, Ann was told by one of the junior doctors that the cardiac MRI had revealed scar tissue in her heart.  Ann had enough medical knowledge to be very scared by this news. There were lots of potential causes, and none of them were good news. Scar tissue detectable in scans can be an accurate indicator of a risk of sudden cardiac death.

However, it turned out to be utter nonsense.  No scar tissue had been found, nor did any exist.  The origin of this completely unnecessary and distressing news was never admitted or explained. Nobody apologised for the error. Nobody seemed in the least bit concerned. We can only assume that the young doctor gave the news to the wrong patient! Perhaps the person whose life was at risk was told that their scan was clear. Who knows?

Ann was also informed that she would soon be going for the EP study with a view to ablation of any aberrant nerve signals.  Basically, they were going to try and find the bad signals that were causing the arrhythmia and burn them away. In the meantime, her resting heart rate was down to a typical 40bpm (bradycardia) and she was experiencing blurred vision and dizziness.  All were common side effects of the Bisoprolol and so the registrar suggested a switch to Amiodarone.

For the uninitiated, Amiodarone is a very effective anti-arrhythmic agent with a number of horrendous side effects over time – several of which can be life-changing or even fatal.  It causes fibrosis of the lungs, damage to the liver and thyroid glands, damage to eyesight, discoloration and photo-sensitivity of the skin and, according to one recent study, an increased risk of cancer. It tends to be used for elderly patients in whom the side effects are deemed to have a lesser impact (or, to put it bluntly, they’re going to die soon anyway so the reduction in life expectancy is less significant).  Why a cardiac registrar would suggest its use in an otherwise healthy woman of 57 years when less dangerous beta blockers hadn’t even been fully evaluated is beyond comprehension (especially when the patient is a medically qualified, highly intelligent woman who knew exactly what the registrar was talking about).

That’s a bit harsh I can hear you say. Yes it is. At the time, I had no idea how stupid the suggestion was at the time, that knowledge came later, so my criticism has the benefit of hindsight. The cardiology consultants did agree that it was stupid though. It isn’t just my ill-informed opinion.

That same afternoon, Ann was taken down to ‘the Lab’ (otherwise known as the Cath Lab – Cath short for Catheter – the Electrophysiology Lab, or the EP Lab – effectively the electrophysiologists’ operating theatre) for her electrophysiology study with one of the electrophysiology consultants who we shall call Dr B.  We will be hearing an awful lot about Dr B over the coming months.  During the procedure, Ann discussed the possible change to Amiodarone and fortunately, Dr B immediately dismissed it as completely inappropriate.

Entry to Ann’s heart for the EP study was made via the femoral vein in her thigh.  Attempts were made to reproduce the arrhythmias without success and no aberrant signals of any kind were found in the atria – which, we understood, suggested that the problem was ventricular (consistent with what had been said in the ED).  In that nothing could be ablated (burned away), it seemed that the arrhythmia would have to be managed by drugs alone but in terms of future options for treatment, we were told nothing at the time.

The next day, Friday, Ann’s Bisopralol dose was reduced to 1.25mg because of the slow heartbeat and other side effects.  Her heartbeat recovered to around 50bpm.

Later that day, we both finally had the opportunity to talk a consultant and put questions to him – but only after repeated requests.  The difficulty here is that the electrophysiology consultants do not do ward rounds. Yes, seriously, the EP consultants rarely put in an appearance on the wards and so the arrhythmia patients have very little contact with their physicians. If you are at risk of a heart attack (i.e. you have coronary artery disease) you will probably see your consultant every day.  If you are at risk of cardiac arrest (you suffer from arrhythmia) you may not see your consultant for days at a time. The ward rounds are done by the interventionists (the stent guys) and, with respect, they don’t actually know very much about the dark art of electrophysiology (and that is their expression, not mine). So, Ann had finally managed to get an interventionist consultant to her bedside.

Dr C was pleasant, polite and helpful. He told us that the failure to stimulate arrhythmia during the EP study was a very good sign.  He also stated that the beta blockers had the arrhythmia under control – which we would learn wasn’t true then and still wouldn’t be true five months later.

He explained, finally, that the cardiac MRI had shown that Ann’s heart was structurally sound.  He said that the only issue was some “dodgy wiring” that may have been the result of unknown causes such as prolonged stress (the untold first half of the story). The “only issue” part of that advice also turned out to be completely untrue. The electrical issue was not the only problem.  There was something else that the medical team had missed altogether – because they had neglected to perform the angiogram, even though Ann’s family medical history suggested that it was essential.

Anyway, at the time, the news seemed to be very good indeed.  Ann was told to take a month off work and then gradually return to her normal life – including her regular gym regime etc.  She was told to expect to make a full recovery and not be seen again in the Cardiology Department. We were thrilled.

Sadly, Dr C couldn’t possibly have been more wrong. Everything he told us turned out to be the precise opposite of the truth.

So, to recap, we were told:

  • a) That there was scar tissue in Ann’s heart. There wasn’t.
  • b) That Amiodarone would be an appropriate drug to treat her arrhythmia. It wasn’t.
  • c) That the Bisoprolol had the arrhythmia under control. It didn’t.
  • d) That Ann’s only issue was ‘dodgy wiring’. It wasn’t.

The following day, Ann was discharged.  The only problem apparent at the time was a very stiff and painful right arm resulting from the fact that her cannula had been left in the same site for her entire 9 day stay in hospital (whereas it should be relocated at least every 3 days) and it hadn’t been flushed often enough.

All in all, the experience did not inspire confidence. However, all I cared about just then was that Ann was coming home and would soon be well again. Life would soon be back to normal.

On the way home, I even noticed the pretty countryside.

Ann rested for much of the following week.  I stayed off work for the most part and continued with the daily chores that I had taken on whilst Ann was in hospital. I managed not to destroy any clothes in the washing machine and even became passably competent at ironing.

Exactly a week after her discharge, Ann experienced two major episodes of what appeared to be ischaemic pain (acute central chest pain radiating towards the left shoulder) and racing heartbeat whilst at rest – about 90 mins apart. On both occasions, she was close to losing consciousness and the level of pain was significantly worse than anything she had experienced previously.

We were very concerned of course but you need to bear in mind that our actions at this time were governed by the fact that we had just been assured that Ann had a healthy heart and that her arrhythmia was under control. This early in the story, we still believed most of what we were told. Rather than dial 999 therefore, we telephoned Ward 28 for advice.  We were told they were much too busy and asked us to call back later.  We made several further calls to the ward as requested but none of them were answered.

It is worth saying that over many months, less than 5% of our calls to any part of the cardiology department were ever answered. Some of those were desperately urgent and were made to an emergency number we would later be provided with.  That emergency number was never answered though we had reason to call it many times.

This time, we simply gave up and planned to consult our GP after the weekend.

The next day, Sunday 31st May 2015, Ann seemed much better and so we planned to visit the Waitrose store in Willerby to do a bit of shopping.  As we approached the store, we realised that we were only half a mile from Castle Hill and decided on the spur of the moment to drop into Ward 28 to ask for the advice that we had failed to access the previous evening via the telephone. It would only take ten minutes.

Whilst it was clearly out of the ordinary for a patient simply to turn up like this, we were seen initially by a registrar in the day room.  Ann gave a brief history and as the pain she had experienced seemed to be ischaemic in origin, she was asked about her family history – just as she had been when first admitted on May 15th.  This, just as before, included the fact that her parents had both suffered MIs (myocardial infarctions or heart attacks) in their 50s and 60s.

We were told not to leave under any circumstances and the registrar went to fetch the consultant, Dr D. Dr D, it turned out, was dealing with an emergency case and we ended up waiting five hours to see her – which was fine, we only wanted a bit of advice after all and others needed Dr D far more than we did.

Eventually, Ann repeated her story about the pain and almost passing out and the history and Dr D said that she was immediately re-admitting Ann based on a strong suspicion of a coronary artery issue that had been completely missed on the first admission because the doctors had failed to carry out an angiogram.  The parental history alone, she said, should have been reason enough for an angiogram to be carried out as a matter of course.

The shopping would have to wait. I went home to dig the pyjamas out of the ironing basket and repack Ann’s bag.

Life would not return to normal after all.

Straight to Chapter Three

Chapter Three – Missed Problem

So, Ann was re-admitted on Sunday 31st May. She wasn’t even allowed to go home to collect her own things. She had been out of hospital for only seven days. Now, on top of her arrhythmia, she also had a potentially serious coronary heart issue.

So, as this is another new area of cardiology, it is probably time for another quick medical detour.

There are two main coronary arteries both of which branch from our largest artery, the aorta. These are the Left Main Coronary Artery (or left main trunk) and the Right Coronary Artery. They have nothing to do with the blood entering and leaving heart, they are the arteries that supply oxygen to the heart muscle and are on the outside surface of the heart. Both of these split into two lesser coronary arteries which, between them, supply blood to the heart muscle. So there are four lesser coronary arteries that can become blocked/obstructed or, to use the medical term, ‘stenosed’. This of course can deprive the heart muscle of oxygen and lead to a heart attack or myocardial infarction.

The purpose of an angiogram is to insert a catheter into the top of the cardiac circulation and inject a radio-opaque dye visible on x-ray into these arteries to see if any of them is stenosed.

Ann’s angiogram was carried out the next day by one of the registrars.

As I have already explained, Ann is a dental surgeon. As such, her right arm is rather important to her ability to practice and make a living. Ann also has narrow peripheral blood vessels and suffers from a condition known as Raynaud’s Syndrome – a condition which causes extreme constriction of the peripheral blood vessels in response to cold or emotional stress.  All these facts were made known to the medical team.

Nonetheless, the decision was taken to enter Ann’s heart via the radial artery of her right arm (rather than the femoral artery in the thigh which is larger but more prone to a risk of bleeding).  There were perfectly sound reasons to use the radial route but in Ann’s case, it was the wrong choice. Castle Hill does not possess catheters of different gauge – it is one size fits all.  There are, I believe, narrower paediatric catheters for use in children but Ann was told that Castle Hill didn’t have any.

The result for Ann was that the entire procedure was excruciatingly painful, resulting in spasms of the blood vessels which the local anaesthetic did nothing to reduce.

The findings of the angiogram were that there was some ‘fuzziness’ of one of the two branches on the left side of Ann’s heart – in her case the left anterior descending coronary artery (the LAD) but an on-the-spot decision was made not to proceed immediately with fitting a stent in the affected vessel because the defect was not very clear. Ann’s other coronary arteries were completely clean – in fact unusually so for a woman of her age – which suggested that her healthy lifestyle had been beneficial and that the stenosis is the one blood vessel was more likely to be caused by a minor congenital defect.

In the meantime, Ann was in agony from the pain in her right arm.

She was now under the care of a new consultant, Dr E, one of Castle Hill’s team of interventionists and an expert in angioplasty. Dr E is one of the good guys in our story. He made what we believe is a wrong call (more of that shortly) but I want to record here that there is no doubt that he did so in what he believed to be Ann’s best interests and for very good reasons. He is one of the very few doctors that made himself available to Ann, even when off duty. He was courteous and friendly at all times and was one of the very few doctors who treated Ann as the intelligent, medically-qualified woman she is whereas many of his colleagues treated us both like idiots. He also showed genuine compassion and an absolute determination to make her as well as possible. One would expect this to be the attitude of all the doctors but sadly, it is simply not the case. Dr E, you know who you are. Thank you for your skill and kindness.

Fortunately for Ann, when Dr E reviewed the angiogram, he was not satisfied with the inconclusive results and so ordered a stress echocardiogram to provide additional information.

From the moment Ann arrived for the test, the stress echo staff were unpleasant and dismissive of the need for the test.  They had, I believe, seen the inconclusive angiogram results and, like the ECG nurse at Hull Royal on that first day, they made no secret of the fact that they considered the test to be a complete waste of time. Like the ECG nurse, they were wrong.

To their surprise, and to Ann’s, the test showed a significant lack of perfusion to part of the heart wall.  Some of Ann’s heart muscle wasn’t getting nearly enough oxygen.  The need for the test was vindicated and, to be fair to them, the echo staff did apologise for their earlier attitude.

When the results were discussed with Dr E, he decided to investigate further with an IVUS scope (an intravascular ultrasound probe which produces a three dimensional image of the affected artery) with a view to stent placement.

Ann explained the degree of pain in her right arm during the angiogram and so they discussed going in via the femoral artery route but Dr E dissuaded her due to the increased risk of a bleed. As I have already made clear, I don’t doubt that his decision was intended to be in Ann’s best interests. Nonetheless, it proved to be very much the wrong call.

The following day, Wednesday 3rd June, Dr E carried out the IVUS scope angioplasty – again via the right radial artery – but under sedation to avoid a repeat of the pain of the earlier procedure.

The LAD was found to be stenosed (a cross sectional area of roughly 13sqmm occluded to less than 4sqmm – from memory). As a result, Dr E immediately and successfully carried out a stent placement to restore normal circulation.

After the procedure, a haematoma rapidly developed in the right forearm and it was necessary to place a second pressure cuff to contain it (one cuff is fitted by default to prevent bleeding from the catheter entry wound). When back on the ward, Ann’s right hand was black and blue and very cold so the cuffs were released and one was replaced. Ann subsequently developed extensive bruising from fingers to elbow (more of which later).

Later that day, Dr E informed Ann that the procedure had been a complete success. “You now have the cardiac circulation of a new-born baby”, he told her.

He also informed her that stent was made from Cobalt Chromium.  As a dental surgeon, Ann knew a little about Cobalt Chromium (she makes dentures out of the alloy).  It contains nickel – to which Ann has a hypersensitivity.  That was to cause much confusion and concern in the weeks to follow.

Prior to discharge the following day, Ann was prescribed Ramipril – ACE inhibitor tablets usually prescribed for high blood pressure – but her most recent BP was just 116/68.  She therefore asked to discuss this with Dr D who was back on duty. She explained that in this case, Ramipril was given to support heart muscle but as Ann had not had a heart attack, they were probably unnecessary. They had simply been prescribed out of habit it seems. Ann never took them and had them removed from subsequent prescriptions.

She was also prescribed Ticagrelor (a rather unpleasant anti-platelet medication to prevent re-stenosing of the stent which Ann would have to take for 12 months), Lanzoprazole (to combat the gastric reflux caused by the Ticagrelor – a bit like swallowing a spider to catch the fly), Atorvastatin (an anti-cholesterol drug which had to be taken at an extremely high dose for 7 days then reduced) and soluble Aspirin (to prevent clots).  Of course, she continued to take the Bisoprolol for the arrhythmia. Sorry to go into so much detail here but the drugs are relevant to events that followed.

Her discharge medication now filled a large carrier bag.  For Ann, who hated taking any tablets and usually avoided doing so at all costs, it was all very intimidating.

Ann also had the opportunity of a last discussion with Dr E.  He told to her to expect 24 to 48 hours of mild chest discomfort but reassured her that she would be back in the gym “in a matter of weeks”.  He also told her that she would be discharged with a 7 day Holter monitor and a blood pressure monitor.

As with the previous discharge, all the assurances Ann was given turned out to be false. Neither of the monitors arrived. Six months later, Ann wouldn’t be able to walk unaided for more than a few minutes – never mind return to the gym. But to be fair to Dr E, he couldn’t have known what was to follow.

Only three weeks had passed since I had driven Ann to the ED at Hull Royal that first time. She had already spent 12 nights in hospital and so I had quickly established what became a punishing routine. Ann had by far the worst of it of course, and always seemed to have a smile ready for everyone despite her suffering, but it wasn’t easy for me either.

Mornings were usually taken up with washing and ironing and shopping for items Ann had requested – face wipes, books to help her pass the time or gluten-free snacks. Ann had been on a gluten free diet for many years and gluten free meals provided by the hospital were also dairy-free, nut-free, taste-free and, basically, nutrition-free. If Ann was to get better, she needed far more nutrition that the hospital was providing. I would make up nutritious salads and buy blueberries and raspberries to supplement the limited supply in hospital.

Then there was the organising of hospital visits by friends and family. Sods law would dictate that everyone would want to visit her on the same day and so I became chief choreographer, shuffling people around such that Ann had visitors most of the time but not too many at once.  It was almost a full time job by itself requiring dozens of texts and telephone calls. Then there were the get well cards to open (she would get over 100) and finding vases for the continuous flower deliveries. Eventually, the house looked like a florists (flowers are not allowed in cardiology so I couldn’t take them in). They were everywhere. I confess that I came to hate flowers with a passion and now avoid buying them whenever I can.  It felt like the doorbell would ring every 15 minutes with yet another bouquet turning up.  It was a sign of the considerable love people felt for Ann of course but for me, it became a curse and a source of considerable stress.

I also had to deal with Ann’s colleagues at work who were covering her dental patients.  They had to be kept informed and I would meet with them to plan the next week as her return to work got further away rather than closer. They were fantastic throughout but at this stage, were blissfully unaware that the return to work would be more than a year away.

Afternoons comprised the first of two visits to see Ann, complicated by the constant battle to maintain a pocket full of pound coins to feed that car park machine (I would spend nearly £500 in it eventually!) followed by a daily dash to the supermarket to buy something simple for my dinner, plus milk, catfood and any other essentials – and beer. Lots of beer.  I rarely managed breakfast or lunch at all.  There simply wasn’t time.

By the time I had returned home and unloaded my shopping into the fridge and dealt with any new cards and flowers left with numerous neighbours, I was usually late for the evening visit so I would simply turn straight around and go back to feed the car park machine. When I finally got home, I would have masses of text and phone messages asking after Ann and it would take an hour just to deal with these.  Eventually, I took to writing one long text message to explain everything that had happened that day and sending it to dozens of people at once.  It is these messages and the ones Ann and I sent to each other that have allowed me to recall such a detailed account of what took place.

I soon got into the habit of choosing evening meals that could simply be placed in an oven for half an hour and eaten out of the foil container. Consequently, I got through a lot of lasagne and shepherd’s pie. Cooking a proper meal (which I normally love to do) was out of the question. So, I would arrive home, throw my foil dish in the oven, crack open a cold beer, and then begin my lengthy text bulletins – the ‘Annograms’ (or equivalent with her real name) as they became known. By the time I had eaten, and had another beer, it would be time to go to bed. I was exhausted by then anyway and so, despite all the worries about Ann back at the hospital, I would usually fall asleep instantly, occasionally with one leg still on the floor. Other nights, I would stay awake most of the night, worrying about Ann and unable to suppress my anger at the injustice of it all.

Meanwhile, I was barely getting to work at all. I was supposed to be busy with a very major building project that was in the critical ‘construction drawing’ stage. That is to say that the design was more or less complete but the team was flat out preparing the drawings that the contractors would use to build the project.  It was a time when I needed to be there as much as possible and my absence was causing real problems with progress.  It was just another layer of stress to add to all the others. It wasn’t long before I started to feel unwell myself and I came to understand what an incredibly tough job so many carers do, some for years on end.

But I was always reminded that Ann was suffering infinitely more than I was and if I could have changed places with her and become the patient to end her suffering, I would have done so in a heartbeat (possibly a very fast one).

Anyway, enough of that. Back to the story. Ann had been discharged again and so my tough routine was at an end – or so we thought. Ann’s suffering wasn’t.

Two days later, Saturday 6th June, Ann was unable to attend a planned social event with the family as the chest and arm pain had become too severe. The bruising by now had extended from wrist to elbow and she had loss of sensation near her wrist.  She was completely unable to straighten her arm and was becoming very concerned.  By now, according to the advice given by Dr E, the chest pain should have stopped altogether but was in fact getting much worse.

The next day, Ann went to see our GP because of the persistent burning chest pain which had continued without respite since the procedure had been carried out – and so had the acute arm pain.  She also raised the issue of general muscle pain (a known side effect of the Atorvastatin).

It soon became clear that the information provided to the GP in the discharge letter was at odds with the information given to Ann.  Ann had been told to titrate DOWN (reduce) the Atorvastatin after seven days as she would struggle to tolerate the drug.  The discharge letter said the exact opposite and instead told the GP to titrate the dose UP!  One of the two was clearly wrong. Quite how the hospital had managed to be so utterly incompetent I can’t begin to guess.

As a result of Ann’s alarming state of health and the dangerous contradictions in the information provided by Castle Hill, the GP faxed an ‘urgent’ list of questions to Dr E.

No reply was received (just an acknowledgement of receipt).

The GP favoured Ann’s version of what should be done and ignored the discharge letter. The Atorvastatin dose was (correctly as it happens) reduced from 40mg to 10mg to alleviate the muscle pain. And it worked. That left the chest pain and the arm pain which were still very much there.

On Friday 12th June, Ann tried to call Dr E’s secretary to chase a response to the GP’s fax.  The line was on answerphone every time, with no message facility. That weekend, we were due in London to see our son.  Ann was unable to travel because the chest and arm pain was still much too severe.

On Monday, I returned to work. The GP had still received no reply to the ‘urgent fax’ to Castle Hill.

Ann tried again to call Dr E’s secretary but this time, there was an automated recording saying that they were unable to answer due to a technical difficulty, and “please try again tomorrow” – which is exactly what Ann did. On Tuesday, she made 6 further telephone calls to Castle Hill.  She eventually got through to Ward 28 and when she tried to explain about the chest and arm pain, she was simply told that she just needed to relax! Without seeing Ann, and having just been told that Ann was suffering from acute chest pain, the nurse simply concluded that Ann was suffering from anxiety.  It beggars belief! I can guess which nurse took the call. We will meet her in later chapters.

When, later that day after several more attempts, Ann finally managed to get to speak to a secretary about the urgent fax, she was informed that Dr E would not be doing any admin work for the next month!  An urgent fax from a patient’s GP was going to sit in the in-tray for a month. To the best of my knowledge, no reply was ever received.

On the Wednesday, the chest and arm pain was still no better. By now, the arm was looking dreadful – strange purple lines covered the forearm with a blue-green background colour from wrist to elbow (see photograph left). Ann couldn’t even feed herself properly, I had to cut up her food for her.

As she was experiencing such difficulty trying to talk to anyone via the NHS systems, in desperation, she resorted to trying to arrange a private appointment with Dr E. She eventually established that Dr E didn’t do private work and so she tried Dr C whom she had met prior to the first discharge. He had no free appointments before July 9th so eventually, she managed to secure an appointment with another of the interventionist consultants, Dr F.

For that, a GP referral letter would be required. So, on Thursday, Ann discussed the need for a referral letter with our GP.  The GP agreed to provide the letter and also agreed that a private appointment was a good idea in the light of our inability (and the GP’s inability) to establish any meaningful communication with the cardiology department.

The following day, Friday 21st June, Ann was still unable to speak to anyone for advice despite multiple further attempts to call the ward and Dr E’s secretary.

That day, a friend dropped in to see Ann whilst I was at work.  The friend was so horrified by Ann’s condition that she insisted on driving Ann straight to the ED at Hull Royal.

There, the staff did an ECG and ran an enzyme test for troponin. The use of ECG and troponin tests will be discussed in much greater detail later. Both are very effective in establishing whether a patient has had a heart attack but are, more often than not, profoundly useless for a patient with known arrhythmia. The problem is that clear ECG and troponin tests provide false reassurance and suggest that the patient isn’t in danger. For arrhythmia patients, they tell you nothing at all.

Nonetheless, the staff were very helpful – in particular, an ED nurse, Nurse A, who deserves our sincere thanks for his excellent care. He will appear again later in the story.

Nurse A tried to raise Dr E on the telephone.  Dr E returned the call shortly afterwards and spoke to the registrar and then to Ann directly. He was even kind enough to give Ann his mobile number – which was very probably against protocol but was in fact a rare and much appreciated act of kindness after Ann’s inability to speak to anyone for so long. Dr E also called Ann over weekend with the troponin test results – which were, as expected, completely normal.

Now that a line of communication had finally been established, Ann decided to cancel the private appointment with Dr F.

After the weekend, an appointment arrived for the fitting of the Holter monitor on the 2nd July (the same monitor that should have been fitted before Ann was discharged).  It stated that the monitor would be worn for just 24 hours instead of the required 7 days! It seemed to us that the administration at Castle Hill was utterly incapable of getting anything right at all.

Between the 24th June and 30th June, we managed to take a short holiday in Herefordshire which had been arranged and booked before this tale begins.  Because of Ann’s state of health, we couldn’t do very much but, in a sense, that was exactly what we both needed.  She did manage to take short walks with me but experienced continued persistent arm and chest pain.  The arm pain and immobility was so serious that I still had to cut up cut up Ann’s food for her at every meal time.  Given that we were staying in hotels, this was an uncomfortable experience for Ann.  Other guests must have wondered why an attractive and apparently healthy woman was being fed by her husband at meal times.

After the holiday, Wednesday 1st July was the day that Ann had been due to return to work. As she was still unable to use a knife and fork, root fillings were out of the question.

Instead, Ann attended an outpatient clinic at Castle Hill and was seen by Dr B, the electrophysiologist who had carried out the earlier EP Study.  It was in fact the routine recall following Ann’s first discharge. Dr B dismissed the chest pain as insignificant and said that the arm pain “Wasn’t my fault because I went in through the femoral artery”!  He said that there was vascular and possibly neurological damage – probably in the shoulder area – but as it wasn’t his problem, he expected it to be discussed with Dr E. As it happens, we were due to see him within 24 hours.

2 out of 10 for empathy on this occasion then. Dr B’s compassion skills are not highly developed..

The next morning, Thursday 2nd July, Ann was fitted with a Holter monitor which we managed to get changed from 24hr back to the original 7 days.

Later in the day, I went with Ann to an outpatient appointment with Dr E.  There, we discussed the possibility of a hypersensitivity reaction to the nickel content in the stent as a potential explanation of the continued chest pain (which, according to Dr E’s earlier assertion, should have ceased four weeks before).  He dismissed this as highly unlikely because there was no rash or breathing difficulties (even though Ann’s standard contact dermatitis reaction to nickel is burning pain and blistering, not rash or wheezing).  As it happens, Dr E was subsequently proved right. The chest pain had nothing to do with the stent.

Dr E also confirmed that the troponin levels found in the test carried out at the ED were normal so he concluded that there were no concerns with the stent placement. No alternative explanation of the chest pain was offered.

With regard to the chronic arm pain, he said that there was good perfusion so there couldn’t be any damage to the radial artery and he undertook to arrange an appointment with orthopaedics because there was probably an underlying soft tissue problem.

Scepticism was setting in by now. I’m afraid that neither of us believed a word of that.  The promised orthopaedics appointment didn’t materialise either, which only served to reinforce our incredulity.

Dr E also said however that he would try to arrange an urgent physiotherapy appointment.

A few days later, Dr E telephoned Ann (and getting phone calls from a consultant was a real breath of fresh air I can tell you) to say that the physiotherapy appointment would be at least two weeks away but he gave Ann the contact number so she could chase it up herself.  It was all but impossible to get through (as ever) and she eventually left a message.  By the time they returned Ann’s call several days later, she had already given up and had arranged a private appointment.

That day, we also returned the Holter monitor.  We were told to expect the results in 6 to 8 weeks! So, Ann was suffering from unexplained chest pain and she might have to wait the best part of two months to receive any useful information which might help to identify the cause. It would take one minute to download the data but 8 weeks to tell Ann what it said.

On Thursday 9th July, Ann got through to the pacing clinic at Castle Hill at the 23rd attempt that day (really, she was counting) and was able to explain to them the spectacular depth of their latest administrative ineptitude.  She had received no less than 3 additional and spurious appointments for fitting a 24 hour Holter monitor, each containing the threat that if she didn’t turn up to have the monitors fitted, she would receive no further treatment!

So, Ann would be denied treatment if she didn’t show up – not once but three times – to needlessly repeat something that had already happened.  By now, even this crass stupidity no longer surprised us. The administrative staff at Castle Hill it seems, would be incapable of finding their own backsides in a dark room.

They weren’t the only ones.

On Monday 13th July, Ann had an appointment to attend the private physiotherapy appointment and the mobility in her arm had improved just enough for her to drive herself to the appointment. The physiotherapist was at what appeared to be a semi-derelict industrial estate in East Hull. The appointment had been arranged through our insurers, Vitality Health.  Now Vitality are one of the most incompetent health providers in the market and I had had many run-ins with them in the past (so much so that I already had the email addresses of several of their managers) but here, they had really excelled even their usual low standards. Apparently, Vitality don’t actually visit the physiotherapists and other service providers to whom their customers are sent. The photographs tell part of the story.

What they don’t tell is that the physiotherapist in question did not even have a waiting room. Patients have to sit on a solitary chair in the stark corridor outside. The lights are on motion sensors so that when the patient does sit down, they are plunged into darkness!

It would be hysterically funny if it wasn’t so pathetic. In the end, because she was worried that her car would be dismantled whilst she sat in the pitch black corridor, Ann left without even being seen by the physiotherapist. So much for private health insurance.

After a few very heated calls with the idiots at Vitality and a threat to send the photographs to the national newspapers, Vitality finally agreed that Ann could see a competent physiotherapist the following day near to our home.

He confirmed that there was indeed extensive vascular damage throughout length of Ann’s arm plus some neurological damage to her forearm.  He also thought that it would take at least three weeks of two sessions a week of intensive treatment before Ann would be able to resume work.

Ann was at this point still unable to straighten her arm fully (she normally has a hyper-extended elbow joint).  She could manage to drive short distances but was still unable to work.  Quite apart from the pain and suffering, the delay was costing thousands of pounds in lost income and locum tenens costs (payments to other dentists who were seeing Ann’s patients).

In the end, it was to be a further two months before the severely damaged arm was almost back to normal though even today, two years later, Ann still cannot get the top off a bottle of mineral water.

Ann did manage to return to work very briefly in early August, but she was only able to carry out dental examinations.  She was still unable to undertake treatments because of the damage to her arm. I say ‘very briefly’ because there was more to come.  Much more. If you think her experience so far in this story has been pretty awful, it was a piece of cake compared to what came next. The story so far was just the prologue and had it ended here, I wouldn’t be telling it at all.

Because in August, things got really bad. So bad that the next chapter is going to be very hard to write because of the awful memories it will rekindle. The Trust’s treatment of Ann – or in this case, their failure to provide treatment – very very nearly cost Ann her life.

Proceed straight to Chapter Four

Chapter Four – Cardiac Arrest

This is where the tale starts to get really serious.

During July, Ann had been in touch with Dr E again about the continued chest pain and he had arranged a stress echocardiogram for Tuesday 18th August to check the cardiac circulation.  The intention was to follow that with a repeat angiogram if necessary to demonstrate that the cause of the chest pain lay elsewhere.  Dr E advised Ann to stop taking her beta blockers a few days before the echo. The first dose she didn’t take was Saturday evening, 15th August.

That same evening, we joined some friends for a curry at a restaurant in Market Weighton.  Our table wasn’t ready when we arrived and so we all took a seat in the waiting area. A few minutes after we arrived, Ann experienced a very severe arrhythmia episode.  This was only an hour or two after the beta blocker dose had been due so that is very unlikely to be the primary cause.

There was a partial loss of consciousness (her head fell to her chest and she started to slide out of her chair). She was experiencing violent palpitations, clammy skin and central chest pain.  It was patently obvious that there was a very serious problem with Ann’s heart.  It was terrifying.

An ambulance was immediately called.  An emergency responder was there in a couple of minutes, followed by a paramedic and then the ambulance itself.  The speed of their arrival was extremely impressive and all the paramedics were calm, professional and caring. I couldn’t fault them.

Ann was treated for 25 minutes at the scene and then rushed to the ED at Hull Royal Infirmary. I rode with her in the ambulance.

There, she was taken straight through to a cubicle in Majors where blood was taken for the inevitable Troponin test and she had the first of a number of ECGs.  At the time of the ECG, her heartbeat was pretty much back to normal and, of course, the Troponin test was clear.

I was allowed to join her in the cubicle after waiting 90 minutes in the lobby.  Ann was NOT attached to a heart monitor – then or at any time during her stay in the hospital – even though there was one right beside her bed. It would have taken just two minutes to attach her to the potentially life-saving machine but they simply didn’t bother – even though she had experienced a potentially life-threatening tachycardia episode the last time she had been there in identical circumstances.

It is worth labouring the point here that Ann had been rushed in with a KNOWN diagnosis of arrhythmia.  As such, she was at far more risk of a cardiac arrest than a heart attack. The two are completely different. Arrhythmia is by its very nature, irregular and episodic.  If you take an ECG, it is most likely that you won’t see it at all.  Troponin levels are generally unaffected (Ann has never had an abnormal Troponin result). These test are appropriate for heart attack, not for a patient at risk from cardiac arrest – other than for elimination purposes. It was right that these tests were done because Ann did have chest pain, but to leave it at that?! Ridiculous.

The following passage comes from the British Heart Foundation website:

“What’s the difference between a heart attack and cardiac arrest?

Although a heart attack can lead to a cardiac arrest, they are not the same thing.

A heart attack is a sudden interruption to the blood supply to part of the heart muscle. It is likely to cause chest pain and permanent damage to the heart.  The heart is still sending blood around the body and the person remains conscious and is still breathing.

A cardiac arrest occurs when the heart suddenly stops pumping blood around the body.  Someone who is having a cardiac arrest will suddenly lose consciousness and will stop breathing or stop breathing normally.  Unless immediately treated by CPR this always leads to death within minutes”.

The most common cause of cardiac arrest is not a heart attack, but arrhythmia.  At least 75,000 people die in the UK each year as a result. Ann had experienced a dangerous episode of arrhythmia – very probably ventricular tachycardia – and she was at risk of cardiac arrest. Only one in ten people survive an out of hospital cardiac arrest. It was essential that Ann’s condition received medical attention. It could be a matter of life and death.

What Ann needed (as demonstrated by the insightful Dr A at Ann’s first ED visit) was constant monitoring and vigilance because arrhythmia can suddenly change from completely absent to life-threatening in the blink of an eye.

Constant monitoring and vigilance is exactly what Ann didn’t get.

In fact, she didn’t even get seen by a doctor.

On Ann’s first admission, they had done everything right even though there was no previous history.  This time, they were doing everything wrong even though they knew of her arrhythmia.

After we had been there a couple of hours, I tried to raise the complete absence of medical attention with a member of the ED staff behind the desk.  I approached someone, a nurse presumably, sitting there at his keyboard and stood in front of him waiting for him to raise his head and acknowledge my existence.  He decided to ignore me.  His eyes remained stubbornly fixed on whatever it was he was doing on his computer screen.  By staying there, I tried to make it clear that I would wait it out.  He on the other hand was going to continue to ignore me even though it was blatantly obvious I was waiting for the traditional “Can I help you?”

Suffice to say, even after I said “Excuse me please” a number of times, he continued to act as if I simply didn’t exist.  In the end, I had no chance but to walk away – which was exactly what he wanted me to do of course.

Rudeness like that takes enormous effort. Going out of your way not to help someone in genuine need goes beyond negligent to plain nasty.

Meanwhile, across the hall, a prisoner who was hand-cuffed to his trolley was able to continue to make obscene gestures towards Ann – including simulated masturbation – with impunity for hours on end in full view of the staff.  No-one closed the curtain on either cubicle. No consideration was shown by any member of the nursing or medical teams.  No one gave a damn about the obvious distress it was causing.

I can’t begin to describe my frustration and anger. I knew perfectly well that Ann was seriously ill and I simply couldn’t believe that she was being completely ignored. The entire scene was beyond comprehension.

Midnight came and went. I made a number of further attempts to get help but without success.  It was only when I had had enough of being ignored and explained very loudly that my sick wife hadn’t even been seen by a doctor after four hours in the unit that someone finally looked up and, grudgingly went off to find us a medic.

Dr G arrived a few minutes later (and four hours after Ann entered the Majors Unit) radiating indifference.  Clearly irritated that she had been summoned, she explained that the Troponin levels were normal so Ann hadn’t had a heart attack – which of course we knew already.

We explained again about Ann’s history of arrhythmia and the serious episode in the restaurant when she had partially lost consciousness but despite this, Dr G still didn’t see fit to attach Ann to the monitor which sat unused just a few feet away.  She did eventually contact cardiology and asked for a cardiologist to see Ann – or so she told me.  She also told me that the cardiologist had refused to see Ann and, presumably, gave his recommendations based on their telephone conversation.  Those recommendations apparently didn’t include a heart monitor for a dangerously ill arrhythmia patient.  Or perhaps Dr G just ignored the recommendations.  Or perhaps she never sought any.

Those who have read the earlier chapters will know that The Cardiology Department in this Trust is about 6 miles away at Castle Hill Hospital in Cottingham. More often than not, there are no cardiologists on hand at Hull Royal. I assume that this was also the case on this occasion. Hard to believe I know, but that is how it is. Perhaps the cardiologist didn’t fancy the drive over. We will never know.

Either way, the monitor stayed dormant right beside us.

Throughout our brief exchanges, Dr G was curt bordering on the aggressive and displayed all the compassion of Attila the Hun.  She really was very unpleasant and seemed to me to be trying to make us feel like we were wasting her valuable time.

It was becoming a familiar pattern. Ann’s outward healthy appearance was becoming a real problem. That, and arrogance. Arrogance that makes medical staff assume that you are exaggerating, mistaken or making it up. Arrogance that labels patients as time wasters.

I know of course that an ED on a Saturday night/Sunday morning is Hell on Earth.  I think it must be extremely tough to work in that environment and I have every sympathy with the staff.  I was later assured that Dr G is a very capable, experienced and conscientious doctor and that her behaviour that night was very out of character. I don’t doubt it. BUT, there was absolutely no excuse for what was happening to us. None whatsoever.

As the medical team had chosen not to look for any arrhythmia, they couldn’t possibly find any and so Ann was transferred during the night from Majors to AMU (the Acute Monitoring Unit – one step down in the urgency chain) and eventually to ACU (the Ambulatory Care Unit – two steps down and for the walking wounded as the name suggests) at 9.00am.

At midday on the Sunday, Ann saw the senior registrar who asked Ann to wait and see the cardiologist.  However, as the previous night, the on-duty cardiologist (presumably still back at Castle Hill) once more failed to turn up to see her.

I went to ACU to collect Ann just after lunch.  There, we asked to see a doctor to express our concern at the lack of monitoring and complete absence of treatment following last night’s emergency admission.  Instead, we sat down in a private area with one of the senior nurses. The nurse told us that the cardiologist had concluded that Ann’s problems were not heart-related.  Quite a conclusion when the cardiologist hadn’t even bothered to examine the patient!

“Not heart related? What about that tachycardia? What about the Arrhythmia history? That’s bullshit!” I said angrily – and the nurse actually threatened to have me thrown out for swearing!

God give me strength!

Eventually, the nurse fetched one of the registrars to hear our concerns. Ann asked what she should do about the Bisoprolol given that she was being discharged with continued chest pain and arrhythmia.  He told her that if she could tolerate the symptoms, then she could continue to go without the beta blockers so that her scheduled echo with Dr E could go ahead as planned.  In the meantime, he prescribed GTN tablets (glyceryl trinitrate – a vasodilator used to treat angina, which Ann didn’t have) and with that, Ann was discharged – by a gastroenterologist (Yes, really, a doctor specialising in the digestion) – and we were sent to the hospital pharmacy to collect the prescription.

It was closed, naturally.  We got the tablets at ASDA.


Five hours later, Ann had a cardiac arrest.

She had decided to take a bath before dinner to unwind from her dreadful experience. I was in the study (which is also upstairs) and when she was ready to get out, she called me saying that she was feeling a bit light-headed and was worried she might slip. So I went to help her get out safely.

As she climbed out with my arms under hers, she suddenly said she was going to pass out so I started to lower her onto the WC.  There, the colour simply drained from her and she put her hand to her chest saying “Oh my God! My heart’s going crazy. My heart’s going crazy!”

Then she died.


She went limp and started to slide off the toilet.  I held her there, half on and half off the loo, a floppy, dead weight. I could see that she was already changing colour. Her face and especially her lips were already going grey-blue and her whole body was getting paler. Her eyes were wide open, staring into nothing, her pupils were fixed and fully dilated.  Big black holes. For some strange reason, it was her tongue that distressed me the most. Her jaw was slack, her mouth wide open and her tongue was fully lolling out of her mouth and hanging down the side of her jaw. It was like the worst possible nightmare – and believe me, it has been the subject of many nightmares since. I shall take that image with me to the grave.

I had seen a few people die and I knew exactly what I was seeing. I felt utter, undiluted terror!

I picked her up and gently lowered her to the floor. She just lay there, naked, dripping wet – completely inanimate.

“She can’t be dead, she can’t be dead” my mind was screaming at me. “Check if she’s breathing! Make sure she has a clear airway!”

I put a towel under her neck to maintain an airway. Her chest wasn’t moving at all.  I put my face up to hers. No air movement. Not a sound. No breathing at all. Nothing!

“Check for a pulse!” my sub-conscious shouted. There was no pulse at her wrist.  I tried the carotid pulse at the neck (not that I knew the right place to check). Nothing.  I listened to her chest. Nothing. No heartbeat. No breaths. Sometimes when she was in tachycardia, the pulse is so fast you can barely feel it.  I concentrated and tried again to find a ‘thready’ pulse.  Nothing. Not a glimmer.

She had gone.

Oh my God! Oh my God!!

“Please don’t leave me. Please don’t leave me, I’m not ready!” Not the voice in my head this time, but me screaming at the top of my voice as the tears poured down my face. “Don’t leave me. I’m not ready. Don’t leave me!” I couldn’t stop saying it.

Ann did a CPR course every year as part of her job and she had insisted on teaching me the basics but it had been ages.  Would I remember? I knew it was the only option I had left.  What should I do, call 999 or give CPR? You’re supposed to have two people, one to make the call and one to do the CPR.

Oh shit shit shit! Decision! Decision!

Either way, I was going to need a phone which meant leaving her. How could I leave her like that – cold, wet, naked, dead. On the floor. Alone. No choice! I sprinted to the study and grabbed a phone. Back to the bathroom, threw the phone on the floor.  How long had it been? One minute, two minutes? Probably just one. She was a horrible colour. The tongue was still hanging down the side of her face. The eyes were still staring – huge black pupils.

Pure terror. “Don’t leave me. Please don’t leave me!”

Decision made. CPR first before it’s too late, then call 999. They’ll be able to tell me if I’m doing anything wrong.

So I did what she had taught me.

And bless her, she came back to me. She blinked at me and took a huge breath.  The colour flooded back into her lifeless body. More tears, this time tears of unmitigated joy.

“I have to call 999!”

She looked at me. Blinked again.

“I have to call 999”

“Why am I on the floor?” Oh God, she can talk! Utter joy and stratospheric relief!

“Oh fuck, I actually did it!”


“I have to call 999!”


“You’ve just arrested for crying out loud, I have to call 999”

“Arrested? ….No! I’m not going back there!”

“For God’s sake, you just had a bloody cardiac arrest!”


We actually argued. Me on my knees with tears still streaming down my face and her on her back on the floor having just cheated death. We had a row. She had been treated so badly at the ED that she was refusing to go back even when her life probably depended on it. It was the most surreal scene I could ever have imagined.  I wanted to laugh out loud at the ridiculousness of it all.  And the relief. I desperately wanted to laugh my head off in relief.

To this day, I have no idea whatsoever why I took any notice of Ann’s plea not to call the ambulance but I didn’t make the call. Can you believe that?! Ann insisted that I called our dear friends instead (the ones who had been at the restaurant 48 hours earlier) and I actually did as I was told.  Looking back, it seems insane but my mind was in turmoil. I wasn’t capable of a rational decision. I needed calmer heads in the room.

Fortunately, our friends were there in minutes. As soon as they let themselves in I quickly explained what had happened and my friend called 999 immediately.

The first responder was there perhaps three minutes later, then a paramedic and finally the ambulance all arrived extremely quickly. Together, they treated Ann where she lay for the best part of half an hour.  Finally, they got her stable, got her into some clothes and took her back to the ED with me at her side.

I have to say that the all the paramedics that have attended Ann on all three call-outs (there’s still one to come) have been utterly outstanding.  The combination of expertise, calmness and even humour is such a welcome boost when you are at your most scared and vulnerable.  I cannot praise them enough.

They should give lessons to doctors.

On arrival at the ED this time, Ann was a ‘return-within-24-hours’ so she was spoiling the hospital statistics.  As a result, there was a complete transformation in attitude upon our arrival at the ED.

Ann was admitted straight into Resus and the contrast in care compared to 24 hours earlier could not have been more dramatic.  Obviously, the first thing they did was attach Ann to a cardiac monitor.

The consultant, Dr H in Resus that night was nothing short of heroic.  Professional, calm and yet still managing to be funny, he was looking after Ann as well as a poor girl in the cubicle opposite who had survived an attempted suicide jump from the Humber Bridge with appalling multiple injuries. Her back was broken in two places, she had a ruptured spleen that needed urgent surgery and a dislocated shoulder plus God knows what else they hadn’t found yet.

Ann was stable thanks to the ambulance crew so Dr H’s priority was the seriously ill young woman across the corridor but he still found time to keep us updated and visited Ann regularly. If you’re reading this Dr H and remember that night, thank you so very much for everything that you did. The Trust needs many more like you.

This time there was no question, the transfer to Castle Hill that should have happened the day before and could have prevented the cardiac arrest would happen this time. I was sent home just before 4.00am when they were satisfied that Ann was out of immediate danger and she was transferred back to Castle Hill Cardiology CMU soon after.

When I got home, I was exhausted. Numb.

It was already daylight. I noticed for the first time the muddy footprints from the front door to the bathroom left by the paramedics.  The place was a mess.  Upstairs, wet towels and Ann’s clothes were scattered where they had been thrown out of the bathroom whilst they treated her. The little clear plastic peel-off patches from the ECG electrodes and defibrillator pads seemed to be everywhere. I don’t know why, but I couldn’t bring myself to clear up.  The mess stayed there for the best part of two weeks. I just couldn’t touch it.

The debris of the emergency. It brought home to me how very close I had come to losing my soul mate, lover and best friend. How must Ann be feeling? Alone in the hospital again. Scared? She must have been terrified. Angry that they had brought her to this? Definitely.

I decided to have a shower to see if that would miraculously wash the awful emotions away. After a minute, I just collapsed into the shower tray.  There I lay, curled up into a ball,  sobbing uncontrollably until the hot water tank was exhausted and the cold water forced me to move again and make my way to bed for a couple of hours sleep.

Would this mean that the ordeal was nearly at an end? Surely now, they would have to make her well?

But it wasn’t at an end.


Ann’s ordeal had barely started.

Go straight to Chapter Five

Chapter Five – Implant

I didn’t get a lot of sleep. How could I when I knew that Ann was at risk of another arrest?

As Ann had been taken to Castle Hill by ambulance once again from Hull Royal, I went numbly through the now familiar routine of packing Ann’s bag for hospital and set off for the equally familiar cross-country drive to Castle Hill and arrived in time for ward rounds.

As I have already explained, the electrophysiologists choose not to do ward rounds. Whether that is because they are simply too busy or feel it is beneath them or for some other reason I do not know.  I do know that patients suffer as a result – if only insofar as they receive inaccurate and misleading information on a regular basis. This was demonstrated once again that day.

It was Professor J’s turn to do the rounds. He told Ann that they would attempt another electrophysiology study in the next 24 hours.  Like so many assurances Ann had been given on previous visits, this one also turned out to be untrue. The EP study never materialised.

He and Ann also discussed whether a hypersensitivity reaction to the nickel in the stent might explain some of the chest pain that Ann was still experiencing. The Professor dismissed that stating that there was no such thing as a metal allergy.  That too was incorrect, as would subsequently be demonstrated.

Then one of the registrars suggested to Professor J that Ann’s arrhythmia looked rather more like atrial flutter than ventricular tachycardia.  Having examined the ECGs, the Professor agreed, telling Ann that this was very good news because the electrical signal causing flutter was rather circular in nature and it was very easy to ablate a part of the circular path and eliminate the arrhythmia altogether.  We were obviously delighted at such a positive new diagnosis and the prospect of a complete cure.

Any hope was very short-lived however. It turned out that the Professor’s diagnosis was also utterly wrong.

Three out of three incorrect. The Professor wasn’t having a good day.

Later that day, Ann met Dr K, the second consultant electrophysiologist on the Castle Hill team during a rare appearance on the ward.  She quickly learned that Dr K is a plain-speaking medic that isn’t afraid to say what she thinks. Later, we would see the negative side of that bluntness, but for now, Ann found it rather refreshing. At least Dr K didn’t speak to her like she was five years old as many of her colleagues did.

Ann told her what Professor J had said.  Dr K said “That is complete bollocks! I’m the electrophysiology expert round here and I know ventricular tachycardia when I see it!” Like I said, Dr K doesn’t mince her words.

So much for the quick fix. The Professor’s visit, like so many of the other ward rounds before it, had been a complete and misleading waste of time.

You will recall that Ann had stopped taking the Bisoprolol the day before the cardiac arrest in preparation for another stress echo with Dr E, and possibly a further angiogram. Given that Ann had arrested, the stress echo was skipped and Ann went straight to the repeat angiogram later the same day. This time, the catheter was introduced via the femoral artery to eliminate any possibility of further damage to the arm.

The angio confirmed that there was no re-stenosis of the stent.  The cardiac circulation was still A1.  Dr E had been right all along, which was very good but unsurprising news.

Suspicion then fell on the Ticagrelor anti-platelet medication as the most likely cause of the chest pain.  It was therefore belatedly replaced with Clopidigrel and there was a noticeable reduction in Ann’s chest pain over the following days.

After a busy day with no further serious VT episodes, Ann was moved from CMU to a 4 bed bay on Ward 28.

There, Ann had a sleepless night.  A patient in the bay (affectionately referred to by the staff as Mad Betty) was suffering from dementia and had been shouting all night.  Ann had to get out of bed several times to calm her down as the nursing staff largely ignored her.  Every time Ann did manage to get to sleep, the staff woke her to ask how she was because they could see severe arrhythmia on the cardiac monitors. This would become a real concern for Ann.  For some strange reason, she seemed more prone to the VT when she was at her most relaxed and so falling asleep was often the trigger for a sustained VT episode. Eventually, she would become scared of surrendering to sleep.

In the morning, Ann was told that she would be going for the stress echo test.  In the afternoon, the staff finally realised that the procedure had already been made completely unnecessary by the angiogram and so cancelled it.

The possibility of an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) was mentioned for the first time by one of the nurses as there had been little progress in controlling the arrhythmia.  I had never heard of an ICD and had no idea what it was. We quickly learned that it was both a pacemaker and a defibrillator, implanted into the chest and connected by wires to the interior of the heart. It sounded like something out of science fiction.

If Ann needed an ICD, then the medics weren’t going to be able to make Ann well. Only 48 hours before, they had told us that she would be cured. What the hell was going on?

Looking back, it is hard to understand why the Castle Hill team didn’t try alternative drug therapies when they had clear evidence that the Bisoprolol was not controlling the arrhythmia. No other anti-arrhythmia drugs had been tried. It would later be discovered that other drugs would indeed control Ann’s arrhythmia much more effectively than the Bisoprolol but at this stage, there had been no attempt to see if alternatives would manage the condition.

After a second sleepless night on the Ward 28 bay, Ann was at her wit’s end and put in a request to be moved to a single room. She also asked for further news on plans for her treatment.

One of the cardiac nurses went to see Dr B (the first electrophysiologist) on Ann’s behalf and he was able to tell her that the decision had now been taken that the ICD implant was the best course of action and that Ann was now on the ‘Critical List’ for the implant surgery.

At 12.30 that day, Ann and I met with the second electrophysiologist, Dr K at our request to learn more about the ICD implant. She gave us the best part of an hour of her time (probably more than all other conversations with doctors to date added together). Her plain speaking was like a breath of fresh air and she talked to Ann as an equal rather than down to her, including plenty of medical detail in recognition of Ann’s own medical training.

It is so sad that these helpful conversations were the exception rather than the rule. We had found that so many doctors ignored Ann’s intelligence and medical knowledge and spoke in a condescending manner. I understand of course that doctors have to explain concepts to people with no medical knowledge or limited understanding but 30 seconds in Ann’s company was enough for anyone to see that she is bright, articulate and knowledgeable. The endemic arrogance and pomposity of so many of the doctors never ceased to amaze me.

Before I outline what was discussed with Dr K, it is time for another medical detour. Last time, we looked at the cardiac circulation (the plumbing).  This time, we need to take a quick look at the electrical system and so below, I offer a layman’s rather simplified version of the heart’s wiring which should be read alongside the diagram below. Please forgive me if I sound like one of those condescending doctors.

So, the electrical impulses that control the beating of the heart originate from the Sinus Node (also known – mainly in the USA I think – as the Sinoatrial Node).  This is best described at the heart’s built-in natural pacemaker. This emits electrical impulses which control the rate at which our hearts beat – speeding up if we are exercising and slowing down when we are at rest.

This signal spreads through the walls of the atria (the top chambers of the heart) which then contract and in so doing, create the first part of a single heartbeat (the ba of the ba-bam).  The signal then passes through another very special point called that Atrioventricular Node (or AV Node) which, as the name suggests, lies between the atria and the ventricles.  By some remarkable mechanism I don’t begin to understand, this slows down the signal before it arrives at the ventricles.  If it did not, the ventricles would contract at the same time as the atria and there would be no pumping action. So, having been slowed down by the AV Node, the signal arrives into the ventricles, where its pathway divides into two branches – known as the left and right bundle branches. From the bundle branches, the signal is distributed throughout the walls of the ventricles which causes the ventricles to contract – just a little later than the atria did.  So, we get the ‘bam’ of the ‘ba-bam’. – the second half of the heartbeat.

OK, now those without medical training can hopefully make more sense of what Dr K is about to tell us.

Dr K explained that the fresh telemetry data (the ECGs) from the two recent ambulance trips had had proved extremely useful and had confirmed beyond doubt that arrhythmia was clearly ventricular rather than atrial and so the aberrant nerve signals causing it originated in the ventricles and so would almost certainly be impossible to ablate in an EP session.  They could try, but the chances of success were less than 10% and significant damage to the heart could be caused by multiple ablation attempts.  Her recommendation therefore was that the EP route was abandoned in favour of the ICD implant.

Dr K explained that, because Ann was ‘fairly skinny’ on the upper chest, she intended to carry out a rather unusual ‘deep implant’. That is to say, the device would be implanted behind the pectoral muscle wall, rather than subcutaneously in front of the pectoral muscles which is the more typical implant site.  Not only would this be an aesthetically better solution (the ‘generator’ would not stick out) but it meant that the device and the leads entering Ann’s heart through the blood vessels in her chest would all lie in the same plane and so be more stable.

We didn’t know it at the time, but the consequences of choosing the deep implant would be catastrophic for Ann.

Dr K also said that the two-lead version of the implant would be used. The first wire, attached to the inner heart wall of the right atrium, would act as a traditional pacemaker and would take over from the sinus node to pace the upper chambers of the heart such that the rate would not fall below a set rate – probably 60 beats per minute.  The reason for this is that the beta blockers could cause Ann’s heart to beat too slowly and so setting a minimum heart rate would allow the beta blocker dose to be increased without putting Ann in danger.

Above 60 beats per minute, the pacemaker would allow the sinus node to set the heart rate.  In that way, Ann’s heart would speed up naturally when Ann was in the gym but when her heart tried to return to a rate of less than 60 bpm, the pacemaker would take over again and stop her heart from beating too slowly.

The second wire, attached to the inner wall of the right ventricle, would intervene in one of two ways.  If Ann went into ventricular tachycardia, it would first take over pacing from the atrial wire (generating signals in the ventricles which would override the aberrant signals of the arrhythmia) but at the much faster tachycardia rate and then ‘slam on the brakes’ to try and slow the heart to a safe rate.  Dr K described it as ABS braking for the heart. The correct cardiology term is ATP, or anti-tachy pacing (also called ramp pacing in the USA I believe).

If that failed a number of times, then the ICD would deliver a defibrillator shock to stop (depolarise) the heart and allow it to resume in sinus rhythm.

Dr K and Ann also discussed the use of a pressure dressing as Dr K explained that there was a high risk of bleeding due to the anti-clotting drugs that had been prescribed following the stent placement.  In addition to the Clopidogrel anti-platelet medication and the soluble aspirin Ann was taking every morning to thin the blood, Ann was also receiving daily injections into her abdomen of Fragmin (a drug from the Heparin family) whilst she was in hospital.  Together, the presence of these drugs in Ann’s system meant that she was at enormously increased risk of post-operative bleeding.

Indeed, there was a strong case to be made for withdrawing these drugs for a period (usually several days) before any surgery but this did not happen. The pressure dressing, Dr K explained, may be needed to prevent a very unpleasant haematoma. Ann had already demonstrated that she was capable of producing an impressive haematoma when her angioplasty had been carried out via the radial artery in her arm – and that had been when she wasn’t on the blood-thinning medication.

DR K was right. A pressure dressing was very much needed.

A lot of other ground was also covered and it is fair to say that the discussion brought us a lot of reassurance. One final reassurance was that, because the device case was believed to contain nickel, an allergy test would be carried out to establish whether Ann’s stated allergy to nickel was indeed ‘non-existent’.

Also that day, Mad Betty was moved out of the bay amid rumours that she had tested positive for MRSA.

The next day, Thursday 20th August, I was woken at 6.00am by a phone call from Ward 28 informing me that Ann had had a serious further episode of ventricular tachycardia and had been transferred back into CMU and asking me to get there as quickly as possible.

This was the first time they had called me to say that she was in danger and I was scared out of my wits! The scene played out in the bathroom a few days earlier, had nearly happened again – and still might happen.

When I got there less than an hour later, Ann was very poorly.  They had had to administer a bolus of Amiodarone to stabilise her but she remained under observation back in CMU. These events reinforced the urgency of the implant procedure. They should have also told the medical team that Ann was on the wrong anti-arrhythmia drug.

That day, we learned that the allergy people at HRI had refused to come to Castle Hill to do the allergy test so the utterly insane decision had been made to take Ann, a seriously ill patient with a life-threatening condition, along with a full cardiac nursing team and all the portable monitoring and life-saving equipment by ambulance to Hull to enable someone there to stick a plaster on Ann’s back!

Mohammed had refused to come to the mountain so it had been decided to move the mountain, and most of the surrounding mountain range, to Mohammed. Crazy.  Just plain crazy. I simply could not believe the regularity with which the Trust demonstrated the remarkable depth of its ineptitude.

The following day, Friday 21st August, we learned that – finally – a sensible decision had been made about the allergy test.  Hull Royal would send a test kit in the post!  Somebody had finally worked out that a first class postage stamp was cheaper than sending an entire cardiac support team by ambulance to Hull.

Thank heaven for small mercies!

Ann had endured another much interrupted light sleep, partly as a result of the activity in the ward bay but also because of Ann’s growing fear of going to sleep and laying herself open to another VT episode.

Dr K informed us that the operation would take place next Thursday 27th August.  She had managed to obtain a coated ICD so the allergy test had become rather academic.

Ann’s serum magnesium levels were down despite the supplements she had been given whilst in hospital.  No-one seemed interested in why that might be. Low potassium and magnesium levels are a contributory factor in arrhythmia, which is why they were being monitored. The problem seemed to be that no-one was actually taking any notice of the results.

On the Saturday, my adult son and daughter and I did a formal CPR training course so that in the event that Ann had another out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, we would be rather better prepared than I had been the first time around. If Ann did get into difficulty, it was just as likely to be in the company of Pugsley or Veruka and neither had any training so it seemed like a very sensible thing to do. If anyone reading this hasn’t been trained, please, please put aside an hour of your time to get the basic knowledge. I have now been in this situation twice, once for Ann of course and once for a complete stranger who collapsed in the street in York years before. I and his daughter managed to keep him alive (me on chest compressions, her on mouth-to-mouth) until the ambulance arrived on scene – so the value of this knowledge cannot be exaggerated.

One important thing we learned during this training  (which seems to be little known) is that portable defibrillators talk to you and tell you what to do. Consequently, it is all but impossible to do the wrong thing in an emergency. I know that if I had been in a situation when I had to use a portable defib, I might have avoided it for fear of killing the patient. I don’t doubt that others would similarly shy away from using a defibrillator. If you find yourself in this situation, have no fear, the machine is smart and will guide you through it.

Whilst we were doing our CPR training, Ann was moved back to Bay 3 from CMU and was stable enough to be allowed a shower at last. She also learned that the general anaesthetics session scheduled for the 27th that included Ann’s operation had been cancelled by ‘the management’ because Dr B was on holiday.

Ann’s life would remain in danger because of a ‘management’ decision.  The insanity continued. Dr K said there was nothing she could do. The same wasn’t true for me. I may a few phone calls.

The next day, Sunday 23rd August was our 35th Wedding Anniversary – the first we had spent mostly apart. The unit was grossly under-staffed. No doctors were sighted on the unit all day and even the morning tea trolley failed to turn up.

I had been doing some amateur research into magnesium serum levels and their effect on arrhythmia and had learned that both champagne and plain chocolate have high magnesium content.  As it was our anniversary, I took both into the hospital and to my surprise, I was allowed to administer my rather unusual magnesium supplements not just to Ann but to all the patients in the bay. It was a welcome interlude of light relief in an otherwise awful situation.

On Monday, the operation was reinstated for Thursday 27th at 10.00am.  Sense had prevailed. Perhaps my phone calls had made a difference. Ann was informed that she was likely to be discharged the following day.

Her magnesium levels were now improving finally.  Must have been the champagne.

Tuesday came and Ann had the headache from hell, complete with shooting pains down her arms. Feeling awful.  Dizzy, sick and coughing.  Asleep most of day, she didn’t even wash or brush her teeth (which for a dentist, is pretty serious). Something was wrong. No-one seemed at all concenred.

An envelope arrived from Hull Royal.  The allergy test plasters were put onto Ann’s back.

The nasty headache was still present on the Wednesday.  Ann was awake from 3.30am. The allergy tests made Ann “want to tear my skin off”. Fortunately, the plaster came off that morning.

The tests showed that the so-called non-existent allergy to nickel was in fact very real. The Professor had been wrong. As well as a severe reaction to nickel, there was also a less severe reaction to cobalt – both of which were in the stent (see photo: Cobalt above, Nickel below)

Ward Sister B went to see Ann to discuss her traumatic experiences over the previous three months.  As ever, Sister B was compassionate and understanding.  An outstanding nurse who does a brilliant job in often very difficult circumstances. She leads a largely excellent specialist nursing team on CMU and Ward 28.

Ann was swabbed for MRSA (no doubt because of her contact with Mad Betty).  If positive, it would affect Ann’s ability to practice dentistry.  She never got the results. We assumed that the results were negative.

Thursday. Operation Day.

Ann didn’t get much sleep again.  Another dementia sufferer had arrived in the same bay and had been causing havoc through the night.

She went down for the surgery on time and I stayed in the department, hanging around in the café, where I had become a well-known regular. Ann returned to the ward at around 12.30. She was groggy of course and attached to a saline drip.

And there was NO PRESSURE DRESSING. The wound in Ann’s chest had a completely standard dressing, despite the obvious risk that this presented.

Ann was in terrible pain and needed regular pain relief including morphine which did little to help. Senior Nurse C and Nurse D were on duty.  Nurse C is an outstanding nurse.  Experienced, knowledgeable, decisive and always supportive and helpful, Nurse C is the outstanding star of ward 28.  I would prefer to name her so that she receives the credit which she is undoubtedly due, but it would be unfair to name some and not others. I may have to name everyone later. What Nurse D lacked in experience (which was a lot as she was new to cardiac nursing) she more than made up for in compassion. She was delightful. Ann had formed a  close bond with both of them during earlier admissions. Having the two of them there after the operation was immensely reassuring. You know who you are ladies, thank you for your compassion.

As I have said, Ann eats a gluten free diet and as a result, there isn’t much choice on the hospital menu.  In fact, the few available choices tend also to be dairy and electrolyte free too.  In essence, the food available to Ann was almost nutrient free.  So that day, I smuggled in a poached salmon and feta cheese salad to provide a bit of nutrition and fed it to her. She was unable to feed herself due to the pain caused by moving her arms.

When the night shift came on duty, Ann was told that she would have to ring the buzzer if she wanted pain relief.  Ann insisted that pain relief was administered by default at intervals as she may not be able to reach the buzzer. An argument ensued, which Ann eventually won.

Ann only managed one hour sleep that night, partly due to the pain and partly due to the dementia patient in next bed so later the next day, she was transferred to her own room so she could finally get some rest. She was beyond exhaustion.

She was also taken down for x-ray to make sure the wires were correctly placed.  All was apparently as it should be. The device was tested and working.

Ann complained about the level of pain and feeling of nausea. More morphine and anti-emetic were written up. None of the staff checked for a possible cause of the excessive pain. None of the staff looked at the operation wound site.

It was the first real indication we had that some of the staff were not taking Ann’s pain seriously. We formed the impression that they thought that Ann was being a bit over-dramatic. To some extent, that is understandable as patients would not normally experience the level of pain that Ann was enduring.  On the other hand, it should have been a warning sign that something was not as it should be. That warning sign was ignored.

Given the high risk of a post-operative bleed and the fact that the hospital had elected not to withdraw the blood-thinning medication for a period prior to the procedure, the staff should have been on a higher state of vigilance in any event. Given that Ann had already experienced a horrible haematoma even without the blood-thinners should have made regular checks of the wound site even more of a priority. Given that no pressure dressing had been used either, they should have been watching the wound site like hawks.

But they didn’t even glance at it.

Saturday. Ann had a nose bleed and spangled vision on waking and was still in terrible pain. She was due to be discharged the same day.

The doctors had been to see her and the nurses were preparing her discharge letters but 48 hours after the surgery, no-one had yet bothered to look at the wound or the huge haematoma that had by now formed around it as a result of the blood-thinning medication and missing pressure dressing.

To make matters worse, the discharge medications had been incorrectly written up with Bisoprolol at 1.25mg instead of new level of 2.5mg (the dose had been increased following the operation as the ICD now protected Ann from the slow heartbeat the higher dose would cause).

The incompetence continued.

Ann pointed it out and the corrections were made but she was told that she would only be seen on the pacing clinic from this point so we had no idea how the meds would be reviewed, how often, or by whom. It was all very worrying.

At 4.00pm, Ann suffered an episode of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia.  As it was mercifully brief, the ICD didn’t intervene. The nurse had placed the buzzer out of reach so Ann had to bang on her table for ten minutes with her one barely functional hand to get attention.

Eventually, she was heard by the senior nurse, who, when Ann explained about the VT said that it couldn’t have been VT because nothing had shown on the monitor.  “I’m not wearing a bloody monitor!” Ann replied. “It’s my discharge day, you took it off!”

Incompetence at every turn. Enough was enough.

Ann refused to be discharged and insisted that she see a consultant. There was no way she was going to allow them to kick her out again  until she had been examined properly.

Dr D (the very kind consultant who had re-admitted Ann before the angioplasty) duly arrived and immediately took a look at the wound and surrounding area.

She immediately cancelled the discharge.

She confirmed that there was a “massive haematoma” (her words not mine) which the entire medical team had failed to notice. Within minutes, Ann was put on powerful emergency intravenous antibiotics and intravenous painkillers.  Dr D explained that there was a very real danger of infection developing in the wound and surrounding tissue.  To her credit, Dr D kept a very close eye on Ann from this point and displayed genuine compassion towards her.

Had Ann not insisted on seeing her, she would simply have been sent home. She would not have received the treatment and God only knows what might have come to pass. A less stubborn patient with less knowledge would have been sent packing and placed at enormous risk. It was unforgivable.

Even with the treatment, the consequences for Ann of the haematoma would prove to be life-changing. We will find out much more about those consequences later in our story.

Sunday was a truly horrific day for Ann. Alternating IV morphine, paracetamol and oral codeine phosphate were administered in an attempt to make the pain bearable but with little success. Instead, the pain continued to escalate.  The bruising had by now spread down left arm and was now past the elbow. The haematoma would eventually extend from her left elbow to her right shoulder.

Monday wasn’t much better. Ann was still not progressing as expected and still needed morphine on top of the paracetamol and codeine. She was starting to feel like a nuisance. Her dressing was changed to a transparent dressing that allowed her to take a shower but as yet, she was incapable of doing so.  She was still experiencing feelings of nausea and so still needing anti-emetics.

Nonetheless, Dr D said that Ann could go home the following day if she had guaranteed 24/7 nursing care. I cancelled all plans I had for work for the foreseeable future so that I could bring her home.

That evening, Ann experienced her first episode of anti-tachy pacing by the ICD.  It was the first time that the device had ‘woken up’ and intervened. On the one hand it was reassuring because it demonstrated that the device was indeed working.  On the other, it meant that Ann would be discharged with the arrhythmia still not controlled by the drugs. You could be forgiven for thinking that alternative drugs should have been considered but Ann hadn’t even seen the electrophysiologists since leaving the Lab. There was no follow up from the doctors responsible for the implant and the arrhythmia medication.

So Tuesday was discharge day (again).  The pain was unbearable. Ann felt like she would throw up each time she tried to move. A physiologist paid a visit but Ann felt that she had no concept of how much pain she was in and so she contributed little of value.  However, the delightful Nurse J (another excellent member of the nursing staff) helped Ann to shower which seemed like a heaven-sent luxury after the past couple of weeks.

The haematoma in Ann’s left breast above the implant had hardened.  Dr D said that Ann would need to keep a very close eye on it and if it got any worse at all, she must seek immediate medical attention but despite this, she would allow Ann to be discharged that afternoon as long as I didn’t leave her side.

With this in mind, Dr D said she would add Ann’s name to the ‘Direct Admissions List’ so she could return quickly to Castle Hill without passing again through the ED in Hull. Ann was delighted.

A means to avoid passing through the ED was a precious gift indeed.

The discharge letter sent to our GP didn’t even mention that Ann had been admitted following a cardiac arrest.  It said she had been admitted with dizziness!


They had come close to killing her and they passed it off as a dizzy spell? Didn’t they think that our GP needed to know that Ann had suffered a cardiac arrest for goodness sake?!

Utterly beyond belief.

And so she came home at last. Ann had spent a further 16 nights in hospital, bringing her total to 28 nights.

Little did she know that she wasn’t yet half way to her eventual total.

Go straight to Chapter Six

Chapter Six – Shocks

So Ann arrived home at last on Tuesday 1st September 2015. She was still in terrible pain from the haematoma.  Over the difficult days that followed, she also experienced a number of arrhythmia episodes and what she believed were at least two episodes of anti-tachy pacing by the ICD.

It was pretty clear that Ann was considerably less well than she had been following her previous discharge. It seemed that every time she was admitted, she was discharged in worse condition.

This shot was taken the day after discharge on Wednesday 2nd September and the visible effects of the haematoma are starting to show. It was about 10 days later before the extent of spread was fully visible (see narrative below)

On the Saturday evening, Ann shouted to me in extreme distress saying that she was going into VT again.  She was lying on the sofa in the living room as usual. I was preparing a meal in the kitchen. I hadn’t even reached her just a few yards away when she screamed at the top of her voice.

The ICD defibrillator had shocked her!

For this to happen, the ICD must have attempted anti-tachy pacing four times and each time, it had failed to correct the VT.

I immediately called the emergency number on Ann’s ICD card (the CMU nurses station at Castle we later established.).

It wasn’t answered. It just rang and rang.

We would have reason to call the number many times. The emergency number was never answered.


I therefore called Ward 28 and, thank heavens, the call was answered by senior nurse, Nurse C (the shining star I have talked about previously).  I quickly explained that Ann had been shocked and was very unwell.  I said that I would be driving her straight to the ward.

Nurse C explained that we would have go via the ED and I responded saying that I had no intention of doing anything of the sort given the way Ann had been treated there at her recent visit but that I didn’t need to anyway because Dr D had arranged for Ann to be on the direct admissions list.

Nurse C asked us to wait whilst she checked and then came back on the line and said it was OK for us to come straight to Castle Hill. Thank God! She would arrange for a wheelchair to be left in the entrance lobby.

The 20 minute drive was a very scary one given that the ICD could shock Ann again at any time but we arrived without further incident, pulled straight into the ambulance bay and the wheelchair was exactly where it was supposed to be.

Nurse C soon settled Ann back into a bed before she finished her shift.

Ann had managed to be away from the cardiac unit for only four days.


The following morning, Sunday, the defibrillator shocked Ann again.  Being shocked with 800 volts straight into your heart (more than three times what you would get if you stuck your fingers in a UK plug socket) is scary enough but knowing that it is only happening to stop you dying is even worse.

Worse still, this time the VT returned soon after the shock and Ann had to be chemically cardioverted again.  Clearly, the beta blockers weren’t even close to controlling the tachycardia (which of course had been evident for some time – it had simply been ignored).

One of the registrars again suggested oral Amiodarone in lieu of the beta blockers as a long term treatment.  I can only assume he hadn’t read past the letter A in the formulary (the official list of prescribable medications) as there were many other options available further down the alphabet which wouldn’t destroy Ann’s liver, lungs and eyesight.

Ann was struggling to stay awake. She was utterly exhausted but now more than ever, terrified to go to sleep – because the VT was still tending to happen when Ann was at her most relaxed.  She was terribly scared and unable to be alone.  Our daughter and I took turns to be at her bedside all day.

The nursing staff finally managed to get a cannula into Ann’s scarred and collapsed veins at around midnight when they administered a cocktail of urgently needed drugs including diazepam to help her relax and more emergency amiodarone to prevent further shocks.

In the morning, Ann was still experiencing lots of ectopic beats as well as tingling in both hands (presumably caused by lack of perfusion as a result of the arrhythmia).

Dr K paid Ann a visit.  She was generous with her time once again and a lot of ground was covered.  First, she apologised for the post-operative pain and shocks.  She and Ann discussed possible causes and Dr K suggested that a possible over-excretion of electrolyte metals, principally magnesium and potassium, may be to blame.  IV infusions of both were given and instructions issued to closely monitor serum electrolyte levels.  A 24 hour urine collection was ordered to check electrolyte excretion.

There was also discussion of a potential further session of electrophysiology study with both Dr K and Dr B (the other electrophysiologist we met earlier) in attendance. Dr K said there was a 60% chance of success. This completely conflicted with the 10% chance Dr K had reported when this was discussed prior to the implant surgery.

The six-fold increase in the likelihood of success was never explained. I’m afraid that I believe that the chance of success was minimised when it suited the argument in favour of an ICD, and maximised when it suited the electrophysiologists to be optimistic.  The chances of success couldn’t actually have changed in the fortnight between the two discussions.

The further EP study never materialised anyway.

Dr K also said that she would arrange a treadmill test which would hopefully give Ann some confidence that she could undertake some physical activity without experiencing further symptoms.

Fortunately, Dr K rejected out of hand the repeated suggestion of giving Ann long term oral Amiodarone (as Dr B had done earlier). Instead, the Bisoprolol was titrated up to the maximum dose of 10mg as Ann appeared to have developed a tolerance to it (and the ICD was now there to prevent bradycardia) and there was the first mention of a possible switch to a Class 3 anti-arrhythmia drug instead if the increased Bisoprolol dose didn’t do the trick.

The next day, Tuesday 8th September, the nursing staff told Ann that her heartbeat was completely normal but Ann knew that wasn’t true. She could feel that she was still experiencing arrhythmia. Nonetheless, she was told that there had been no dangerous arrhythmias for 36 hours.

There was uncertainty among the staff about whether Ann was going for further EP studies. The staff came in to check whether a cannula was in place in readiness for being taken down to the lab but in the event, there was no EP study.

Dr L was on ward rounds so nothing of value was learned.

I am going to indulge in a minor rant at this point by way of explanation of the statement above.

Dr L has a nickname amongst the Castle Hill cardiology staff.  I cannot tell you what it is because it is a play on his real surname and so to do so would identify him.  What I can say that its meaning is that he is not competent.  Dr L is an interventionist and he regards electrophysiologists with open contempt. He is also a narcissist who likes to strut like a peacock on ward rounds with a gaggle of sycophantic medical students or F1s in tow, telling them how interventionists ‘don’t take any notice of all this electrical mumbo-jumbo’.  Well, Dr L certainly doesn’t take any notice and to me, that makes him not just an idiot, but a real danger to patients. How in God’s name someone like him ever rose to consultant level in a cardiology department beggars belief.

Rant over (for now).

The promised 24 hour urine collection didn’t happen.

During the day, the discharge rate from the ward suddenly increased and post-op patients were now being sent to a different ward. Ann suspected that an HAI was present in the ward and Dr L did nothing to dispel that impression when he said that he wanted Ann discharged as soon as possible so that she “didn’t pick up anything nasty.”

That night, Nurse C came back on duty.  She checked the telemetry data and informed Ann that she had in fact gone into “Amber zone ATP” several times over the last couple of days.  Ann had been correct about what she was feeling and the staff had not been telling the truth about her heart rhythm.

I don’t doubt of course that they were trying to avoid causing anxiety but they in fact achieved the exact opposite because Ann knew she was being lied to.

On the Wednesday, Ann experienced two sustained VT episodes between 2.00 and 3.00am which she slept through with another at 5.15am which woke her.  All were anti-tachy paced out by the ICD.  We were told that the ICD had in fact paced Ann down on a number of occasions.

When Ann asked about the treadmill test, she was told that there was nothing in the notes about one being required. The haematoma pain was still present and Ann was extremely anxious as a result of her continued unstable condition.

Ann requested a further discussion with Dr K but she wasn’t in.

The urine collection was started.

Neither of the EP consultants were around on the Thursday but Ann had a long conversation with one of the EP registrars and one of pacing technicians.

She was told that she would be discharged the following day, despite the continued arrhythmia. It seemed insane.

There were several further ventricular tachycardia episodes over that night with the ICD performing further anti-tachy pacing. Ann was becoming extremely distressed at the lack of progress in getting the arrhythmia under control and spent much of time quietly crying. One of the nurses from CMU sat with Ann and consoled her during much the night.  It was an extraordinary act of kindness.

On Friday, there was still some doubt about whether the treadmill test would happen as it was discovered that the request form had not been processed correctly but eventually, the test was arranged.  Ann managed 9 of the required 10 minutes.  There was no induced VT and only a few ectopics.  Ann’s BP returned to 127/70 after 5 mins so she was judged to have passed the test.

However, later, after Dr K reviewed the telemetry records, Ann’s discharge was cancelled again. At last, the decision was taken to abandon the Bisoprolol and start instead on a new anti-arrhythmia drug, Sotalol (a class III drug from the same group as Amiodarone but without the horrendous side effects).

The next day, Saturday 12th September, Ann was dizzy on waking and her legs were aching after the exercise of the treadmill stress test. The pain in her left breast had become much worse and there was increased swelling all down Ann’s left side once again – presumably also as a result of the activity of the treadmill test but despite Ann complaining of renewed pain, none of the staff bothered to examine the wound or the haematoma – just as before. Lessons had not been learned.

Ann was started on the Sotalol at 40mg b.d. but told it might be titrated up once she became used to the side effects.

Dinner was inedible and Ann was in too much pain anyway so she didn’t eat anything.

A doctor finally came to examine Ann at 11.00pm.  He said the bruising was really coming out on Ann’s side and back now. He told her that she would need to stay on regular pain killers for some time as the haematoma could take weeks to disperse.  However, there was still no sign of a raised temperature so it appeared that the risk of infection had passed.

The next day, Sunday, Ann’s heartbeat felt very irregular on waking but otherwise, she was feeling a little more stable.  There was a feeling of nausea whenever she stood but it was assumed that this was a side effect of the Sotalol kicking in. These drugs take a while to ‘load’. That is to say that it takes a few days to build up the level of the drug in the bloodstream. With anti-arrhythmia drugs, there are often some fairly unpleasant side effects initially but as the body adapts to the new drug, these often subside over time.

Dr M, then the clinical lead on cardiology, did the ward rounds and said that subject to Dr K’s agreement, Ann could go home the next day.

Ann had a very unsettled night with ATP waking her up again.  This had become something of an established pattern with the arrhythmia still tending to happen either as Ann was going to sleep or already asleep.  Ann’s fear of sleeping was still a problem.

On the Monday, she spent an hour talking to the specialist ‘defib nurse’, Nurse K.  She had been introduced to Ann by the kind CMU nurse who had sat through the night with Ann a couple of nights earlier.  Ann found the discussion very helpful and so Nurse K also undertook to put Ann in touch with another specialist nurse, the ‘arrhythmia nurse’, Nurse N.  Nurse N was to become an important support to Ann as the saga continued.

Ann was discharged early that evening after the usual 12 hour wait for the pharmacy to issue the medication. She had now spent 37 nights in hospital. Now, she had the ICD, and a new drug which should manage the arrhythmia. Surely, she had reached the end of the hospitalisation.

Not a chance.

This time Ann managed 5 days at home before she was on her way back to hospital.

By now, our normal life was becoming a distant memory. Normality was four months in the past and it seemed like much longer. Ann was spending more time in hospital than at home. My appearances at work were few and far between and despite the heroic efforts of my colleagues, the consequences of my absence were now having a serious effect on our business.

My days were an endless stream of hospital visits, punctuated with laundry, shopping and of course, keeping friends and family informed of Ann’s progress.  The grass still grew and needed cutting, the bills still needed to be paid, the cat still expected to be fed. Somehow, these mundane everyday tasks seemed so much more difficult. My days were stressful. Ann’s days were truly terrible – full of boredom, frustration and pain.

So, it was devastating when once more, it became clear that she should never have been discharged and would soon be back at Castle Hill.

That realisation came late afternoon/early evening, on Saturday 19th September when Ann once again experienced severe arrhythmia and dizziness.  We considered driving to Castle Hill but we felt the risk of a defibrillator shock was too great and so we called an ambulance as we had been advised.  My daughter accompanied Ann in the ambulance and I followed in the car a little later. It is strange looking back that I chose not to travel with her. Was I becoming blasé about the whole thing or was it that I just couldn’t cope with another blue light ambulance trip? I don’t really know. For whatever reason, I stayed behind and did the by now familiar packing in readiness for yet another re-admission to Cardiology.

Ann had two further VT episodes in the ambulance which were paced out relatively quickly.  Her BP was 186/110 en route.

I arrived in resus around 7.00pm.  Ann and Veruka reported that the ED consultant had been dismissive about the seriousness of Ann’s situation and had suggested that her condition was the result of anxiety! By the time Ann had arrived at the ED, her heartbeat had settled to a paced 60 beats per minute so she was no longer displaying the worrying symptoms that led to the 999 call. My daughter was absolutely furious that once again, Ann was experiencing the same attitude that preceded her cardiac arrest.

Our confidence wasn’t increased when shortly after, a young nurse came to take bloods and succeeded in removing the pressure cuff without first closing the cannula and so sprayed blood all over the cubicle.

A second serious arrhythmia episode began at around 10.00pm and lasted 45-50 minutes. Ann’s heart rate shot up to 115 to 125 beats per minute with a peak rate recorded on the monitor at 173BPM.  Her blood pressure reached 173/98 during the episode.  Oddly, the ICD didn’t intervene.

The A&E consultant experienced a very sudden if belated shift in attitude.  Clearly, anxiety had nothing whatsoever to do with what was happening.  The consultant spent most of the next few hours hiding from us.

During the episode, we pointed out that Ann had yet to take her evening dose of Sotalol and suggested that it might be wise to administer it.  Ann’s heart rate spontaneously returned to its usual paced 60 bpm around 20 minutes after she took the tablet.

The consultant then came back to tell us that he had spoken to cardiology and it had been agreed that Ann would be kept in for observation and that the cardio reg’ would see her in the morning.  He also said that Ann’s serum potassium level was extremely low.  I explained that this was becoming a recurring theme and questioned why no-one chose to investigate why.  The consultant simply walked away without answering the question and resumed his hiding.

A little later, following the decision to admit Ann to AMU/AAU, the medical register came through to see her. He was a really pleasant guy. He explained that her potassium was way down at 2.6.  Ann told him that it had been measured at 4.7 just a few days earlier (before her recent discharge).  The registrar ordered an immediate IV potassium infusion (500ml over 2 hours) which was started at around 11.30pm – which was the right thing to do given that Sotalol can be extremely dangerous when taken with low potassium levels.

Around midnight, as Ann was now stabilised, I decided to head home and give her a chance to get some sleep.  I went over to the desk in resus and had a very pleasant short chat with the medical registrar who was now working at a computer.  He said he was doing some online research into possible reasons for Ann’s worrying blood results.  He explained that it wasn’t just the potassium which was causing concern, but also the calcium and other levels.  I asked if they had tested for magnesium levels as Castle Hill had seen fit to give magnesium infusions previously.  He said that no, they hadn’t but he thanked me for the suggestion and said that it may be the magnesium that was pulling down the potassium so he would re-run the bloods and include a magnesium in the new test.

Ann recalls that further bloods were taken in resus shortly after I left.  She also received a magnesium infusion after the potassium.

Ann was moved through to AMU at around 2.30am on Sunday 20th September. Later in the morning, she again overheard the doctors discussing her.  They repeated that her “bloods are all over the place”.

Soon after, the cardiology registrar arrived and began by telling Ann that all her bloods were “fine”.  Ann explained what had happened the previous evening but the registrar was insistent.  The blood results were normal! How could that be?

Ann also recalls asking to go to the toilet that morning.  She was told that she couldn’t because she had to remain on a monitor at all times – so she would have to use a bedpan.

Ann was transferred to Castle Hill ward 28 around 2.00pm. The transport provided didn’t have a cardiac monitor. Given that Ann wasn’t allowed to remove her monitor for the two minutes it would take to go to the toilet, a transfer to Castle Hill without a monitor seemed rather ridiculous – and risky. The driver initially refused to take the risk of moving Ann without a monitor attached.  In the end however, the staff insisted that he take Ann without a monitor and eventually, he relented.

It was an avoidable and totally unnecessary risk.

When Ann nonetheless arrived safely at Castle Hill, she spoke to senior Nurse C and raised the issue of the conflicting information about the blood results.  Nurse C reported that there was only one set of results, taken at 8.30pm – which showed a potassium level of 3.9.  There was no sign of the 2.6 result and as for the second test, it wasn’t there at all.

It would emerge many months later that the only possible explanation was that Ann had received someone else’s blood results (which is why they didn’t appear in her records). Her serum electrolyte levels were never at the low levels reported. It was bad enough that Ann received 2 infusions that weren’t necessary but someone else presumably didn’t get the infusions they desperately needed. I can only hope the consequences weren’t serious.

Once again, the Hull Royal ED had demonstrated its life-endangering incompetence.

The following morning, Monday, one of the pacing technicians visited Ann and downloaded the telemetry data from the ICD.  He said that everything was very encouraging!  The data reported that Ann’s heart rate had been consistently between 60 and 80 bpm and that there had been no VT.  Given that 36 hours earlier, we knew for a fact that Ann’s heart had been in VT at a peak rate of 173 beats per minute, this simply added further confusion into the mix.

It didn’t make any sense at all. Ann’s arrhythmia was caused by anxiety – then it wasn’t. Ann’s electrolyte levels were dangerously low – then they weren’t. Ann had dangerous tachycardia – then it had never happened. It felt like the whole world was going completely mad!

The technician also mentioned that the signal from one of the leads was rather weak and that he was switching off the atrial wire altogether whilst Ann was in hospital as it had been pacing upwards too sensitively – increasing her heart rate even when Ann was just moving in bed during the night.

This news completely contradicted what Dr K had told us before the implant.  She had said that the device would be set for the atrial wire only to prevent the heart rate falling below 60bpm (because beta blockers would suppress below this) but would allow sinus node to naturally regulate the heart rate above 60bpm so that Ann could resume her full exercise programme.

There wasn’t supposed to be any upwards pacing at all.

Later that day, the registrar on duty contradicted the technician saying that the atrial wire must still be on because there was nothing in the notes to say that it had been switched off.  A senior nurse present supported Ann’s assertion that the atrial wire had indeed been switched off.

Nobody even bothered to re-check the device to establish which was true.

It was like we were in a lunatic asylum. Nothing but confusion and chaos.

Shortly afterwards, the registrar returned and in a short conversation mentioned “By the way, your ventricular lead is detached and the implant surgery will have to be repeated”!!  Ann was informed that Dr K would be on holiday and so Dr C would be performing the new procedure.


For God’s sake!

What is it about doctors that makes them completely incapable of understanding that news like this is utterly devastating and needs to be delivered with compassion and sensitivity?  Do these idiots they have part of their brains removed at medical school?

The ‘weak signal’ in the ventricular lead was in fact no signal at all.  Little wonder that the ICD didn’t record the VT or intervene.  The atrial wire was picking up the atrial pacing rate of 60BPM but the ventricular wire couldn’t detect the ventricular tachycardia at 173BPM! So, one lead was detached altogether (and flapping around inside Ann’s heart, potentially damaging the inside of the heart) and the other was now switched off, or possibly not.  Ann also had potentially dangerous electrolyte levels, or possibly not.

Basically, the doctors didn’t have a bloody clue what was going on.

And Ann was now completely unprotected by the device so her life was again very much at risk.

She was utterly distraught at the news that the surgery had to be repeated and angry at the disgraceful way in which the news had been delivered. To make matters worse still, was now suffering increased confusion and memory loss as a side effect of the Sotalol and so she was less well equipped to cope with this news anyway. She was inconsolable.

Things couldn’t possibly get much worse.

Oh yes they could.

What happened next would ruin the rest of Ann’s life.

Go straight to Chapter Seven

Chapter Seven – Implant Two

Ann had spent 40 days and nights in hospital when she learned that the ICD implant had failed and would need to be repeated.

No-one questioned why the ventricular lead had displaced but we believed that it must be in some way connected to the haematoma.  Surely, it seemed to us, if there was a “massive” haematoma affecting the pocket in which the device was implanted, the pocket was likely to become enlarged.  When the haematoma was resorbed, the ICD would be in an oversized pocket and so would be free to move. That in turn could cause movement in the leads connected to it. Dr B would later acknowledge that this explanation was ‘plausible’. Indeed, he told us the ICD had moved.

Was what had happened to Ann unusual? Are haematomas a common occurrence in implant surgery? I didn’t know and so decided to do some research.

I discovered (from a study published in the Journal of Cardiology – so a relatively trustworthy publication) that the likelihood of pocket haematoma is just 2% for patients not receiving anticoagulation therapy or 4% if that therapy is discontinued prior to surgery. For patients like Ann taking Aspirin and Clopidogrel and having Fragmin injections, this risk rises to between 12 and 23%! Unsurprising therefore that the study also recommended that Fragmin use was discontinued 3 to 4 days before implantation and only reinstated 1 to 2 days after surgery. That hadn’t happened at Castle Hill. It further reported that a third of all patients in the study with haematomas required further surgery.

Ann didn’t just have a pocket haematoma. Hers was far more extensive and extended into the surrounding tissue and as far as her left arm and right shoulder and even across her back.

So a pocket haematoma should be rare (2 to 4%). A “massive” haematoma like Ann’s would be rarer still. Perhaps 1%. Ventricular lead displacement is also very rare. Early atrial lead displacement can be as high as 3% I discovered. Ventricular lead displacement however usually occurs in no more than 1% of patients.

So the odds of having both a post-operative haematoma and a ventricular lead displacement are pretty long.  Two 1 in 100 chances means the odds of both together are 10,000:1 against. Either Ann had been extraordinarily unlucky, or something else was at play – the most obvious being that the implant procedure hadn’t been carried out appropriately.

There is little doubt in my mind that Castle Hill’s failures a) to discontinue the Fragmin injections and b) to fail to use a pressure dressing were the cause of Ann’s haematoma.  Those failures may also have contributed to the lead displacement.

Be that as it may, the surgery had to be repeated.

On Tuesday 22nd September, Ann went for an anterior chest x-ray during the morning.  In the afternoon, she went for the lateral chest x ray which they had forgotten to do in the morning. The x-rays would pinpoint the exact location of the ICD generator and what was happening with the loose lead. At least they would if anyone looked at them.

We expected to see Dr B that day to discuss the procedure but he didn’t show up – and Ann was very keen to discuss the procedure with him. He had handed over responsibility for the first procedure to Dr K because his experience of sub-pectoral implants was limited. Now, because Dr K was on holiday, he was about to repeat a sub-pectoral implant.

In the meantime, Ann was feeling very ill and didn’t eat. She was also despondent at this latest turn of events. I did my best to be positive for her, but there really wasn’t much to be positive about.

In the early hours of the next day, Wednesday, Ann experienced marked arrhythmia again. Now she didn’t have the protection of the ICD, the risk was so much greater and it only served to raise Ann’s anxiety levels.

At midday, the staff reported that Dr B still hadn’t yet looked at the x rays.

He didn’t show up again that day, so we never had the chance to discuss the procedure with him ahead of the surgery. Ann would go down to the Lab knowing very little about what was about to happen to her. All we were told was that the procedure would take around 45 minutes so in all, Ann would be away from the ward for no more than an hour and a half.

Thursday 24th September: Operation day. Again. I came in early to be with her before and after the procedure.

Ann went down for surgery at 10.20.

As I have said, she was expected to be in the Lab for no more than 90 minutes so I wandered down to the café for a coffee or two and to read a book to take my mind on what was happening to Ann.  The first hour passed.  So did another.  I moved into the courtyard garden and wandered in circles. I was starting to get really worried. I had let the children know that their Mum had gone to the Lab and they were sending text messages at regular intervals asking whether she was back.

After a third hour had passed with no news from theatre, I knew that things hadn’t gone to plan. By now, I was wearing a hole in the floor pacing Ann’s room.

She didn’t return to the ward until 2.00pm – three hours and forty minutes after she had left.  She was grey, in unbearable pain and on oxygen.  She hadn’t needed oxygen the first time around.  It was obvious that things were not as they should be.

Ann in the hour or so after the procedure. She was on oxygen, unable to move and in unbearable pain. In the foreground, the pressure dressing which had been absent after the first procedure.

The recovery nurse didn’t look much better.  She too was pale, drawn and clearly distressed.  I asked why it had taken so long.  She said that Ann had been in recovery for a long time because they had experienced severe problems maintaining Ann’s blood pressure.

Ann’s recollection is that she was certain that her life was in danger because of the level of panic amongst the staff.  She told me later that she had heard the nurses in the Lab say that her systolic blood pressure had dropped to 69! The recovery nurse had been in a complete flap. Ann heard her say (of Dr B) “Where the f*ck is he?  I need him here now!”

Something must have gone terribly wrong but we were given no further information. Even the chaos in recovery didn’t explain why Ann was in the Lab for the thick end of four hours.

The recovery nurse told me that Ann had been given three doses of morphine when she came round – but she was still in utter agony.  She was also concerned that Ann was displaying a reaction to the morphine – an obvious rash had developed around her cannula.  She instructed the ward team to administer anti-histamines and to relocate the cannula. On the positive side, a pressure dressing had been used. Thank heaven for small mercies.

I asked to see Dr B to find out what had really happened in the Lab.  The recovery nurse promised to pass on the request.  If she did, it was ignored.

The instruction to administer anti-histamines was also ignored. The drugs were not written up.  Yet another example of the dreadful communication endemic in the department. As it happens, the rash disappeared anyway as soon as the cannula was moved so the error had no consequences.

Approximately 20 minutes after the recovery staff had left, an F1 came to relocate the cannula in Ann’s arm.  A blood pressure reading was taken at that time.  It was just 98/59. So, the BP was still very low but the resulting action from the doctor was…  nothing at all!  In fact, the F1 started to leave having moved the cannula and left the BP cuff on the bed. Obviously, disconnecting the blood pressure monitoring for a patient with very low blood pressure was not the smartest move. I pointed this out and he sheepishly reattached it.

Later that day (at 7.10pm) Nurse M came in to the room to check the blood pressure again.  She told Ann that she should be up and about and should be taking herself to the bathroom.  Ann could barely move a finger, never mind get out of bed. Nurse M clearly thought Ann was making it up. I said that given the dramas in recovery, Nurse M was being ridiculous.  She said she knew nothing of any drama in recovery and there was nothing in the notes about it.  Either it wasn’t written up, or she simply hadn’t bothered to read the notes. (To be fair to Nurse M, it became clear later that it wasn’t written up).

She took the BP again.  It was still just 98/53.  Nurse M simply recorded it and behaved as if 98/53 was perfectly normal and proceeded to tell us in great detail all about her bad back before heading off to completely ignore the needs of other patients.

Most of the nurses on cardiology are absolutely wonderful. Kind, professional and always demonstrating compassion. Nurse M isn’t one of them.

On Friday morning, Ann evidently wasn’t well enough to send me her regular text message. I was obviously worried because I hadn’t heard from her and so I telephoned the ward. I was unfortunate enough to be passed on to Nurse M again.  She said that my wife was “still refusing to get out of bed” but was otherwise “perfectly fine”.  Nurse M’s empathy bypass was evidently still in full working order. She took some trouble to imply that Ann was being something of a drama queen and interrupted every time I tried to say anything.  Deciding eventually that any conversation with Nurse M was profoundly pointless, I hung up.

That morning, under Nurse M’s care, Ann requested pain relief at 09.45.  She didn’t get it until 11.50. As a result, Ann suffered two hours of the most terrible post-operative pain. Nurse M really was the last person Ann needed looking after her that week.

That same morning, Ann saw Dr B, who had taken the trouble to come in to see her on his day off.  I wasn’t there, but our daughter was present throughout. Whether Dr B’s visit was a genuine kindness or because he knew what had gone wrong in theatre I will not speculate.

With reference to the drama in recovery, he said he didn’t know what all the fuss was about.  He said that Ann’s systolic pressure had never gone below 100.  He was obviously unaware that we already knew that it had been well below 100 in recovery, still below 100 half an hour after Ann’s return to the ward and furthermore, it was still below 100 five hours later.

He also explained that the ICD had “dropped” behind Ann’s pectoral muscles (no doubt due to pocket enlargement caused by the haematoma) and that he had struggled to find it – despite having anterior and lateral x-rays to tell him exactly where it was.  As a result, he had needed to undertake extensive dissection of the chest muscles and so Ann could expect to be “extremely sore” for some time.

That turned out to be the understatement of the century!

In fact, he explained that he had had to “dissect and dissect and dissect” to reveal the ICD generator and that he had come close to asking for assistance because the procedure was so much more complicated than anticipated.

This account would completely contradict what the Trust would later say about the procedure and so what was said that day became rather important. Because I wasn’t there to verify Ann’s account, I would later email my daughter to get her version of events. She used the same words as Ann when quoting Dr B. The extract below is from her reply:

“It was the one and only time I met Doctor [B]. [which, given that our daughter probably visited the department around 50 times, says something about how often he appeared on the ward]

He said sorry that she may be more sore than expected due to the procedure being more complex than he anticipated, he said “I had to dissect and dissect and dissect”, and that it took much longer than planned as he struggled to locate the ICD and that half way through he considered calling in help but managed to do it.

He also had a quick look at Mum’s operation site.

In my opinion, he seemed nervous and concerned at how she was and seemed agitated when explaining how he had struggled and said more than once that it was more complicated than he first thought.”

We will find out much more about the serious and permanent damage caused by that extensive dissection later. We will probably never find out exactly what made the procedure so complicated.

Dr B would subsequently assert that the procedure took less than an hour and was routine. Furthermore, his notes of his visit that day recorded that he had told the patient that the procedure had been routine. Clearly, he did nothing of the sort. Neither statement was true. Ann was in the Lab for three hours and forty minutes. Why the Trust would pretend that the procedure took less than an hour I do not know. The only reason I can find is that they wished to conceal what actually happened that day.

As it happens, it would eventually be proved beyond any doubt that the procedure did not take “less than an hour” but in fact took two hours and five minutes (and this will be explained in later chapters).

Dr B would also later re-state his assertion that the ICD generator had dropped, adding that he decided to leave it in the lower position – only to state during the subsequent complaints procedure that the ICD hadn’t dropped at all.

Consistency and honesty, I concluded, are not Dr B’s strong points.

Before this tale began, I was one of those who thought that consultant cardiologists had something approaching super-hero status. They were, I thought, the best of the elite of the medical profession and I had nothing but admiration for their knowledge and considerable skills. By now, that illusion was in tatters.

That same day, Ann was also introduced to Nurse N, the specialist ‘arrhythmia nurse’, and the two spent a considerable amount of time talking together as Ann lay immobile that day. Nurse N’s role, it seems, is that of a counsellor as well as a nurse and she demonstrated this by being a hugely supportive and patient listener when Ann most needed it. The contrast with Nurse M’s insensitivity could not have been greater.  Nurse N would continue to be very helpful for many months. Another outstanding member of the nursing team.

Saturday 26th September was yet another discharge day.

Obtaining drugs for discharge from the pharmacy is not a quick procedure.  At Castle Hill, it can take up to 12 hours.  With this in mind, the drugs card was sent to the Pharmacy early in the day.  So, when Ann asked for pain relief, she was told she couldn’t have any because her drug card was at the Pharmacy!  She spent her last day in hospital once more in unrelenting agony.  It didn’t occur to anyone to write up pain killers in advance for the 12 hour wait.

X-rays were taken to check that the ICD leads were all in place and, prior to discharge, Ann was visited by one of the few cardiology consultants she hadn’t already met.  Dr N was young for a consultant, rather public school and only slightly less patronising than some of his peers.

He explained that he had discussed the potassium tablets with Dr B and they had agreed to allow Ann to have supplements “for her peace of mind”.  At least he managed not to pat Ann on the head. He also talked, as Professor J had done earlier, about the ectopic beats being in the atria which was completely at odds with everything the electrophysiologists had told us and, we assume, was completely erroneous.

Ann was discharged at 6.40 that evening after the drugs finally turned up. They even managed to cock up the discharge letter. See below.

Above: Part of the discharge letter from Castle Hill. Note that the letter states that Ann had the ICD lead repositioned in her right atrium. She didn’t. The right ventricular lead was repositioned, not the atrial lead.

It was a huge relief to be away from the madhouse. However, nothing had been done to address the condition that had led Ann to be rushed to hospital in the first place – the severe arrhythmia.

At no time was it ever suggested that the loose wire was contributing to the arrhythmia so fixing it did nothing to reduce the danger that the arrhythmia presented to Ann. Her drug regime (i.e. the Sotalol that was now the only means of managing the arrhythmia) remained at the original, introductory dose and so far as we could tell, had not been reviewed. Our concerns about her consistently falling electrolyte issues were given only lip service.

All that had been done so far as we can tell was to fix something that had not been done properly in the first place.

So, after another week of extreme pain, unnecessary suffering and distress in the cardiac unit, Ann was no further forward.  On the contrary, she was in unrelenting agony from the brutal surgery, and just as before, was significantly less well at discharge than when she had been when admitted. It was now four months since Ann had first presented with arrhythmia. She had spent 46 nights in the cardiology unit. And yet she still had the arrhythmia

She was told she would receive a recall appointment to see Dr B in eight weeks.


Until then, Ann was on her own.


Little did she know but the unbearable pain from the surgery was not temporary. It was going to continue not for days but for years.

In fact, probably for the rest of her life.

Go straight to Chapter Eight